The nutrition of the child is the key to his present and future health. His physical and mental development depends on the usefulness and rationality of the children’s menu. Toddler food is always different from adult food. The selection of products should be more responsible and thorough.
Do not miss the moment of desire in addition to age restrictions in nutrition and the quality of products. You cannot force the baby if he does not want to eat something. It is worth looking for an equally healthy and tasty alternative. Breakfast is the first meal after waking up. Consider how and what you can and should feed children in the morning from 1 year to 3 years.
Why is breakfast so important for a child?
Children are not always in a calm and balanced state after waking up. Many start the day with crying and whims. It is difficult to understand exactly the reason for this behavior until the child can speak. The baby is most likely just hungry during the night if everything is fine with health.
A hearty, healthy, and delicious breakfast gives a lot to kids. Here is an example of the main points of the benefits and importance of breakfast for toddlers 1-3 years old:
Energy charge – The richer, denser, and more varied the breakfast, the longer the child will not want to eat. He has enough strength for games and physical and mental activity. A sufficient number of calories will cover energy costs and allow the baby to grow and develop in motion.
Removal of anxiety and bad mood – The process of chewing relaxes children. A great mood is ensured if it is a favorite food with a pleasant taste and a lot of fruit. Feed your baby a delicious breakfast if you want to calm him down quickly.
Source of nutrients – Breakfast doesn’t have to be just delicious. They need to be made as useful as possible. This will replenish the reserves of nutrients: vitamins, trace elements, fats, proteins, etc.
Starting the digestive system – It is very important with what food the day begins for the child’s still not fully matured digestive system. The first food after waking up should be favorable for digestion, not aggressive, or enveloping. This will help start the enzymatic processes better.
Communication and culture of behavior at the table – The upbringing of the child must be engaged from early childhood. If the baby sees how the whole family gathers at the table in the morning, discusses something, and communicates, then this will forever become his model of behavior. He will copy the manner of communication, the culture of eating, and the habits of the family.
What should be the toddler’s breakfast?
Two breakfasts are still present in this age range. The first is more dense, satisfying, and full-fledged, and the second is more like a small snack before dinner. Both breakfasts must meet certain nutritional and vitamin standards. Consider the main fundamental characteristics of breakfasts for children:
Nutritional value – Children’s breakfast must meet the needs of a growing body. The composition of the selected dishes should not have a high proportion of empty calories. The breakfast menu must include products with mineral components that are involved in the growth and development of the baby.
Protein-carbohydrate composition – The first breakfast of a child should be protein-carbohydrate. This will cover the energy needs of the body. Protein will provide a supply of building materials for growth. Carbohydrates will help keep the child active.
Dietary – The child’s breakfast should remain dietary and healthy. Children are not yet fully formed and the digestive tract is not functionally stable until 3 years of age. This causes difficulty in digesting certain foods and in maintaining a high load on the liver and pancreas. Transfer to general nutrition is best done gradually and after 3 years.
Taste – There is no point in healthy porridge without taste. Such food will disgust the child. Try to keep the taste of breakfast foods so that your baby enjoys this meal. Don’t be afraid of sweets. It can also be useful in the form of berries and fruits.
The volume of food – The approximate volume of a child’s breakfast at 1 year old is 280-300 ml. From 1 to 3 years – no more than 350 ml. Don’t force your baby to eat the entire amount. Perhaps his limit will be slightly lower than indicated.
Rough food – It is necessary to stop giving the baby finely ground food from 1 year. Start teaching him to eat in pieces, chewing on coarser and more structured foods. Give fruits and vegetables with skins. Meat in pieces and under supervision in the form of cutlets or meatballs. Bring the child closer to adult food gradually with each new stage of development.
Breakfast mistakes for toddlers
There are several mistakes that parents make when preparing, serving, and choosing breakfast for their children. Here are examples of the most common:
Feed immediately after waking up – This is not worth doing. Wait if the baby does not scream, there are no tantrums and he is in a good mood. Let the child play a little, wake up completely and work up an appetite. Otherwise, he will simply refuse to eat.
Snack before the main breakfast – No need to give the baby a cookie, a slice of an apple, juice, a muffin, and so on. This interrupts the appetite and the child does not want to have breakfast at all. His appetite will wake up when you have other plans for the day.
Sweet – Do not give sweets before breakfast in any case. This will completely remove him from the regime. Sweet easily replaces any meal. The baby will simply stop feeling hungry and will not want to eat any other food. Typical sweets in the form of cakes and biscuits are best avoided before breakfast.
Force to eat – The compulsion to eat will form a negative attitude towards breakfast and food in general. The child will always cry, put on performances, and protest. Set your child up for eating positively.
Food groups for toddler’s breakfasts
Let’s take a look at the common breakfast food groups for toddlers. They can be combined, alternated, and used as snacks for a second breakfast. Among the main options, we will choose the most popular and best meet the requirements for a nutritious and healthy breakfast for babies:
The advantage of cereals is that they are rich in microelements and vitamins, energize well and digest for a long time. The list of cereals can expand from 1 year. It is allowed to give barley, rye, and wheat porridge if the baby does not have gluten intolerance. Perfectly suited oatmeal, which belongs to the category of the most useful.
Dairy protein products
The most popular product is cottage cheese. You can cook a fairly wide range of tasty and healthy dishes from it. Cottage cheese can be eaten in its pure form with berries or syrup, sour cream, and sugar. Give cottage cheese according to the norms for age. No more than 70 grams at 1–1.5 years.
The second most popular product is cheese. Hard cheeses are very useful. Gradually increase the dose of cheese from 5 to 20 grams, where 5g at 1 year and 20g at 3 years. You can give yogurt or milk for breakfast. These foods should not be one complete breakfast. They rather act as part of this meal.
This product has a special nutritional value and taste. Children after 1 year can be given 1 full-fledged hard-boiled egg. You can offer a well-steamed omelet from 1.5 years old. The egg is added to separate dishes: pastries, meatballs, and casseroles. The egg provides protein, lecithin, B vitamins, amino acids, etc. It is tasty, healthy, and nutritious and children like it very much.
Vegetables and fruits
A child should eat two different fruits a day. It is better not to abuse them before going to bed. Fruit is a great addition to breakfast and lunch. Vegetables are always better to eat with fats to break down the elements and get benefits. Most vegetables should be eaten at lunchtime. Breakfast can also be enriched with a vegetable salad or a piece of the child’s favorite vegetable.
Young children drink a lot. Children are allowed to give compotes, decoctions, teas, juices, and gradual cocoa in addition to the norm of clean water. A warm drink is the perfect ending to breakfast. It improves mood and enhances the feeling of satiety and satisfaction from eating.
Children can be given 10-20 grams of butter per day after 1 year. It can be added to porridge with milk, dessert, or a sandwich. Children love to eat cookies. You can spread it with a thin layer of oil and the child will eat such a snack with pleasure.
Breakfast options for 1-3 years old babies
The hardest thing for moms is to come up with a breakfast that remains tasty, healthy, and nutritious. It is doubly difficult if the child does not eat well. You need to break your head, re-read a lot of recipes and try them. We offer you several options for simple and healthy breakfasts that will facilitate the cooking process:
Salted oatmeal with egg and vegetables
Boil oatmeal in water. Add some butter when done. Grate hard salted cheese and sprinkle it on top of the porridge. Boil an egg (preferably 2-3 quail). Arrange everything nicely on a plate. Add a few slices of fresh cucumber, tomato, or bell pepper with peel.
Sweet porridge with fruits
You can cook multi-cereal or oatmeal. Rice is good too. Boil in water and add butter when ready. You can grate a baked apple and mix it into porridge for sweetness. Add fruits that a child can eat: banana, peach, and pear. Berries: blueberries, strawberries, raspberries. You can add nuts and a little dark chocolate to expand the taste. Add ingredients to the dish only if there is no allergy.
Milk rice porridge
Children eat rice milk porridge well. Milk is added after boiling in water when the porridge is almost ready. Next, add butter and stir. This is a very hearty breakfast. It is better not to combine milk porridge with fruits. This provokes gases.
Pancakes with fruit and syrup
Add a twist to your standard pancake recipe. Pour the finished dish with natural syrup, and honey, and decorate it with fruits and berries. This breakfast can be served with warm tea or milk.
Cheesecakes from the oven
Cottage cheese is very nutritious and useful for babies. Mix flour, cottage cheese, egg, and some sugar. Form into cakes and place in the oven on a lined baking sheet until done. Cheesecakes can be served with sour cream, yogurt, fruit, and syrup.
Cottage cheese casserole with pumpkin
Beat the egg with sugar into foam. Add cottage cheese and mix well. Then add semolina and mix. Add grated pumpkin, baking powder, and vanilla. Bring everything to a state of a homogeneous mixture. Put it in a mold greased with butter and sprinkle with a little semolina. Bake for approximately 1 hour. Do not take it out of the oven immediately. It makes a tasty and nutritious breakfast.