The child’s body undergoes major changes during infancy. There is a colossal restructuring of the work of all organs and systems, and the parameters of growth and development are changing. All these processes are under the influence of constantly changing environmental conditions. The development of the organism is adaptive.
Functional systems mature non-simultaneously and unevenly. This occurs at different periods of ontogeny. This is the principle of the individual development of the organism – heterochrony. The period of full maturation of a certain organ is associated with its vital importance in a particular period.
Knowledge of the characteristics of age periods is very important for the correct assessment of the development of the child and his state of health.
10 Month Baby Development
Each month brings the baby closer to his first year of life. Now the child has changed markedly. He became physically larger, heavier, and more mobile. His facial features were transformed by the appearance of the first teeth. Internal systems and organs mature according to the ontogenetic plan.
The kid actively trains his muscles and reinforces mental-motor connections. The main growth parameters, biorhythms, and needs of the baby are changing.
It's The Size of
Based on length and size of a baby at 10 weeks pregnancy we can compare it to strawberry.
It does not feel like anything yet inside your belly, but structure is there and soon enough it will grow big.
How Heavy is it?
0.15 oz ~ 4 gr
Bone structure and enlargement of head has made our baby at least to double in weight between week 9 and 10.
Slowly growing baby fetus is now at 4 grams or 0.15 ounces. Keep in mind that every baby weight during pregnancy is slightly different.
Your Baby is
3.2 CM or 1.25 Inch
It’s hard to measure baby inside your belly during such early development stage.
Overall night is just above one inch or 3 cm. The baby is not measured head to toe yet as it is in round position.
Baby parts development summary
The preponderance of neuropsychic development is visible at 10 months. The shift in focus away from motor development began as early as 8–9 months. Now the physiological components of growth are slowing down.
The proportions of the baby’s body are harmonized. He often gets to his feet in full growth. This stretches the spine, repositioning it and strengthening the back muscles. The heart and stomach are rearranged and change their position when the child begins to stand and walk.
Gastrointestinal organs and digestion – The diet is changing, which entails changes in the stomach. The secretion of hydrochloric acid and pepsinogen is normalized. The mass of the stomach grows due to the muscle layer. The stomach goes into a vertical position. Abdominal digestion of the intestine is gradually getting better.
Blood system – The life span of red blood cells increases to 40 days by the 10th month. The level of hemoglobin gradually stabilizes. The number of lymphocytes decreases, trying to align with neutrophils. There is a normalization of the concentration in the blood of individual factors of the coagulation system.
Immune system – The content of immunoglobulin is still relatively low. This increases the incidence. The content of interferon in the blood is low at 10 months. Primary responses to antigens appear. Immune memory is not pronounced. Activation of antibody synthesis is observed.
Brain – The mass of the brain almost doubles. Synaptic connections are formed in the prefrontal part of the brain. These processes are accompanied by increased energy consumption. The growth of the cerebellum is observed. The first three layers of the cerebral cortex become more distinct.
Cardiovascular system – The average heart rate is 130 beats per minute. The mass of the heart is almost doubled. The size of the atria grows. The muscular layer of the vessels is compacted. Systolic blood pressure rises. The foramen ovale normally should be closed.
Musculoskeletal system – The growth of the spinal column is observed. The sections of the spine are evenly enlarged. Lumbar lordosis and sacrococcygeal kyphosis are formed. The center of gravity moves backward, preventing the body from falling into a vertical position. Curves of the spine are formed. Muscles are strengthened.
Your Baby Growth at 10 month
A ten-month-old baby gained about 1 to 2 cm in height. His body weight increased by 1 lb compared to the previous month. The circumference of the head in infants at this age stage is approximately aligned with the girth of the chest. This parameter for girls will be 44.4 cm. For boys – 46 cm. The circumference of the chest for girls will be 45 cm. For boys – 46 cm.
10 Month Old Baby Milestones
The neuropsychic and mental development of the child prevails over the motor according to general standards at 10 months. Some children may begin to walk before they speak their first conscious words. This process in others has the opposite character – first speech develops and only then do the first steps and significant achievements in motor skills.
The path of development of each baby is determined by a combination of genetic factors that are difficult to influence artificially. We will look in more detail at the main key points in the development of a child at 10 months.
Mastering "adult" memory The kid perfectly differentiates "relatives" from "strangers" at 10 months. Memory helps to recognize faces, favorite toys, and food, and navigate the space of your home.
The work of associative connections helps the baby to positively perceive constant procedures: eating, going to bed, and bathing. A child at this age remembers his name, he is capable of learning and remembering animals, colors, and names of objects.
Selectivity in communications The child shows interest in specific people. He can concentrate attention and interact with the most interesting object in a live situation. What exactly attracts a baby is difficult to understand.
The child may ask to be held by this person, touch him, babble, and utter enthusiastic exclamations. With the "chosen one" he laughs more and acts up when he leaves.
Understanding and following simple instructions A child of 10 months perfectly understands the meaning of words. He can easily fulfill simple requests. For example, “give”, “take”, “get up”, “lay down”, “throw”, and so on. He carefully listens to the words of an adult and analyzes the situation.
Understanding simple tasks makes them easier to complete. This mechanism works on the principle of imitation. After the adult has shown an example of actions to the request, the kid repeats them.
Developing practical thinking The kid successfully uses the results of his empirical research. He begins to understand the operation of more complex educational toys through trial and error. He studies the mechanism and masters the practical skills of using objects.
A child can assemble a pyramid in size, and put small cups into one large one at 10 months. He can correctly assemble the sorter and not even a difficult puzzle.
Development of speech The child begins to speak consciously. He has his language understandable to close people. The baby babbles, developing his articulatory, intonational, and vibrational abilities to make sounds.
The first words denoting people, objects, and animals appear. He chooses the simplest combinations of letters and fixes them in memory and associates them with the subject.
Walking The main motor achievements of 10 months are standing in an upright position. The baby can now do it without support. Some children begin to try to walk on their own.
They manage to make several awkward steps that are still uncertain. The beginning of independent walking is determined genetically. The baby will go when the muscles of the legs, pelvis, and back are completely ready for this.
Defining and significant milestones in the development of 10 months are significant psychological, emotional, and mental achievements. The child has made incredible leaps in cognitive activity and is serious surprises with his new skills.
It has become much easier to communicate with the baby. He began to recognize speech, understand the word “no”, and distinguish objects by name. He is well acquainted with intonational shades in speech and their meaning.
“Don’t compare your child to other children. Your baby is individual and unique in everything!”
10 Month Old Baby Health
A ten-month-old baby can get sick with any infectious or viral disease due to imperfect immune memory. The most common diseases are SARS, conjunctivitis, otitis, intestinal infection, allergic dermatitis, and so on. Vaccinations can be done now if for good reasons you missed them at 9 months. Valid vaccinations include Hep B, Hib, and IPV. Up to 12 months you can get the Flu vaccine.
Stable continued intake of vitamin D3. Iron supplements are added when iron deficiency anemia is suspected. Physiological anemia is characteristic of children under 1-year-old.
Sleeping Schedules at 10 Month
The dream schedule stabilizes around the first year of life. The child sleeps twice a day. He stops waking up frequently at night. Most of the time there is no shift in the daily routine. This contributes to a calm rhythm of life. Establishing a sleep schedule leads to an improvement in the well-being of the baby.
The stronger the child’s cognitive activity develops, the greater the likelihood of sleep disorders. Control your baby’s wakefulness. Watch for his fatigue and catch the most opportune moment for laying down. Do not overdo it with developmental activities. Set them aside for the first half of the day.
Simple rules for the distribution of vigorous activity will help not to overwork the baby and properly prepare his psyche for sleep at night. Keeping a sleep schedule will help to establish the internal systems of the body and balance the emotional state of your baby.
10 Month Old Feeding
The basic food groups that should be in a child’s diet remain the same as before. These are vegetables, fruits, cereals, dairy products, and meat. Everything should be in the form of puree because the baby does not yet have chewing teeth.
The diet includes 3 main meals and 2-3 additional ones. Do not withhold breast milk or adapted formula. The baby cannot get enough nutrients necessary for its growth and development from ordinary food at 10 months.
A stable drinking regime with a predominance of clean water is recommended. Dried fruit compotes and diluted juices are allowed. The child can already be allowed to eat slightly coarser food: a baked apple, cheese, and bread. You can add more complex dishes to the menu: soup, casserole, and pudding.
10 Month Old Baby Movements
Babies can stand on their own with suitable support at ten months of age. The ability to maintain balance without the support and help of an adult appears. Toddlers walk well with support holding on to a sofa or other surface. The movements of children become more diverse and confident. Coordination and firmness of manipulations are growing.
The motor function of the hands improves. They stop being weak. Grasping functions are being improved. There is a finger grip that allows you to manipulate smaller objects. A pincer grip is formed. The dominant hand is determined.
All movements become faster. Muscle resistance allows the child to overcome high obstacles. The baby can climb onto the chair and get off it on his own. He is expanding his area of movement more and more.
Safety Around Child
The child becomes more active closer to the year. Now he will no longer sit still, and he refuses to lie down at all. It becomes difficult to put him to sleep and difficult to control. The kid is dexterous, skillful, fast, and reactive. These changes have many consequences.
It is most important to ensure the safety of the baby during a period of intensively growing food interest. The child always watches what the parents eat and shows a strong desire to eat the same. An infant may choke on a large piece of solid food due to the lack of teeth.
No less relevant is the risk of falling, getting burns, wounds, or injuries to the limbs. The kid strives to conquer new obstacles while exploring space, which is fraught with risks.
Feeding chair – The danger lies in its height. Always use seat belts. The child may somersault and fall headfirst. Do not leave your baby bored in a chair, otherwise, he will begin to actively get out of it.
Food – Remember that the child has already grown incisors. He can bite off a large piece of fruit or vegetable. Don’t give him that chance just yet. It is especially dangerous to leave a child alone with an apple in their hands.
Toys – The reflex of pulling everything into the mouth will accompany the child for a long time. He chews everything because of the itching of the gums when teething. Keep track of what the baby has in his hands.
Pets – The grip strength of a 10-month-old baby is already substantial. He can hurt the animal and get an aggressive defensive response that can injure them. Do not rely on the kindness of your pet. It is always an animal.
Playground – Do not leave the baby alone in the sandbox, on the slide, swing, or carousel. He is still too small to stand on his own. His curiosity can provoke dangerous actions.
Fireplaces and heaters – Enclose the space near fireplaces and heaters to isolate the child from them. The glow of a fire or a light bulb will undoubtedly attract a curious baby. He can get severe burns.
What To Schedule Next
Make an appointment with your pediatrician if you have any questions. Schedule doctor visits only when necessary. This also applies to narrow specialists. Do not miss the moment when the problem becomes chronic. Schedule a visit to the podiatrist if your baby is starting to walk. Make sure that the doctor helps you choose the right first shoes for your child.
Sign up for your 12-month vaccination schedule in advance. The number of vaccines depends on whether you missed previous doses. The 4th dose of PCV13, the 1st dose of MMR and VAR, and the 2nd dose of HepA are given at 1 year of age.
Enroll in a kindergarten or start looking for a nanny based on your needs. Choose a new, more comfortable stroller for walking so that the baby sits comfortably and can take a nap in it.
Parents Tips and Development Speed Up
Do not apply to your child advice that is not appropriate for his age and level of development. All recommendations that you plan to implement must be justified and adequately weighed. Everything related to health and physical development should be agreed upon exclusively by doctors.
- Reduce inhibitions – It is already possible to say “no” to the baby in a strict and non-aggressive intonation. If this word is abused, it will lose its significance and the child will no longer understand its purpose.
- Don’t buy a lot of clothes – The child is growing very fast. He doesn’t need a big wardrobe. A pair of beautiful dresses is enough for a girl. The rest of the clothes should be practical and comfortable. The baby is starting to walk but does not buy a lot of shoes.
- Cessation of breastfeeding – Breastfeeding is best kept up to 2 years if possible. Stopping breastfeeding doesn’t have to coincide with moving into his crib, moving to a new home, getting sick, etc. Double stress isn’t safe for a baby.
Make sure you don’t harm your baby’s physical and mental health as it develops. No need to strive to make a child especially gifted. Train him exclusively within the age limits. Do not rush to develop the skill of walking. It is not recommended to lead the baby by the hands.
5 Ways to Speed up Development
- Awareness of individuality – Praise at the slightest success. Speak words of love and hug more often.
- Study the body – Show your nose, mouth, eyes, etc. Let the baby repeat.
- Go swimming – A very useful form of physical activity that accelerates growth and strengthens muscles.
- Speech skills – Keep talking to your child and read more with visual accompaniment.
- Make games harder – Start using the constructor, simple puzzles, memory cards, and shape sorting.
The infant increases his needs for communication with each new month of development. It becomes one of the main tools in the knowledge of the world. Do not push your baby away with indifference, fatigue, and unwillingness to develop new skills and abilities in him. Spend as much time as possible with your child. A comprehensively developed baby adapts better to society and achieves good academic results.