The birth of a child is an important stage in a new life. You are fully responsible for the health, development, and life of a little person. It is necessary to have a huge amount of information to avoid serious mistakes. These are the details of growth, development, features of care, and the necessary examinations.
Babies experience one of the biggest leaps in growth and development in their first year of life. You should always be there during this period. It is necessary to control weight gain, monitor the hygiene and nutrition of an infant, and develop it physically and intellectually.
We have collected the most up-to-date information on the characteristics of the development of a child up to 24 months. This article describes the most important things to know about a 2 month old baby.
2 Month Baby Development
An infant is no longer considered a newborn from the second month of life outside the womb. Now, this is an infant who is progressing in its development at an unprecedented rate. The second month is marked by a large number of physiological achievements and the development of new skills. The baby is already a little stronger and begins to show interest in the outside world.
The child becomes more active and communicative in the 2nd month of life.
It's The Size of
Based on length and size of a baby at 10 weeks pregnancy we can compare it to strawberry.
It does not feel like anything yet inside your belly, but structure is there and soon enough it will grow big.
How Heavy is it?
0.15 oz ~ 4 gr
Bone structure and enlargement of head has made our baby at least to double in weight between week 9 and 10.
Slowly growing baby fetus is now at 4 grams or 0.15 ounces. Keep in mind that every baby weight during pregnancy is slightly different.
Your Baby is
3.2 CM or 1.25 Inch
It’s hard to measure baby inside your belly during such early development stage.
Overall night is just above one inch or 3 cm. The baby is not measured head to toe yet as it is in round position.
Baby parts development summary
The condition of the skin in an infant changes from 2 months of age. Hair is strengthened, moving from fine fluffy to denser. The child is visually transformed. The features of the face cease to be newborn and the redness of the body disappears.
Starting from this age, there is a process of strengthening the skeleton and changing muscle mass. Muscles grow in length. The musculoskeletal system develops, which significantly changes the nature of the child’s movements. Muscle activity increases and hypertonicity gradually disappears.
The internal organs are actively developing according to the postnatal plan. The digestive system is gradually enriched with enzymes.
Skull – The bones of the skull are systematically strengthened. The small fontanel closes by 2 months. This occurs due to the partial replacement of the membranous connective tissue of the fontanelles with bone. The shape of the skull ceases to be elongated.
CNS – Brain maturation is stimulated with the expansion of the child’s contact with the external environment. The number of chemical inhibitors of nerve transmission is increasing. This enhances the braking processes. There is a decrease in the number of reflex reactions.
Muscles – Significantly reduced muscle tone. The arms and legs are relaxed. Less clenched fists. Muscles become stronger and grow in length. The activity of the child increases, which provides a regular load on the muscular frame.
Organs of the gastrointestinal tract – The volume of the stomach increases. The capacity of the oral cavity increases. More gastric juice and enzymes needed for digestion are produced. The stool varies in texture and color. Breastfeeding contributes to the physiological formation of microbiocenosis and the proper development of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract.
Cardiovascular system –Part of the heart valves is blocked, which loses its need. There is a complete collapse of the venous duct. Starts anatomical closure of the arterial duct. The oval window remains open. The amount of hemoglobin in the blood increases.
Skin – The skin layers are visibly smoothed. The baby ceases to be a wrinkled lump. Passes “marbling” and postpartum spots. Fine hair on the body disappears. The umbilical wound is completely epithelized.
Your Baby Growth at 2 month
The child made a significant leap in size by 2 months. The data depends on the characteristics of nutrition, genetics, and initial weight at birth. The growth of babies at 2 months should be close to accepted standards.
Important parameters of growth are the circumference of the head and chest. The head circumference of the girl is 38.7 cm at 2 months. This indicator for a boy is 39.9 cm. The chest in girth for girls of 2 months will be 37 cm. For boys of the same age – 38 cm.
2 Month Old Baby Milestones
The older the baby becomes, the stronger his interest in the world around him grows. The motor activity of the child is getting better at 2 months. He moves to more conscious movements from reflex jerks and muscle contractions. The differentiation of its actions is directly related to the development of the brain.
A 2-month-old baby has already passed the most difficult stage of adaptation. Established lactation, diet, and sleep. Now all his activity goes to the active knowledge of the external environment. The child becomes more focused and follows moving objects. Consider all the relevant moments in the development of the child.
Visual and auditory reactions The field of view of the baby is expanding. He begins to focus better on subjects. There is an ability to follow moving objects without turning your head. The baby stops his gaze on bright objects and follows them.
He carefully examines his mother's face, arms, and legs. Visual reactions are directly related to auditory ones. The baby turns his head towards the source when he hears a sound or voice.
Auditory reactions The child hears much better than after birth. He can respond not only to very sharp and loud sounds. Any source of sound vibrations attracts the attention of an infant. He turns his head in the direction the sound is coming from.
The baby already well distinguishes the mother's voice from the rest. He begins to like music and the sounds of nature.
Motor skills The baby already finds its hands at 2 months and puts them in its mouth with interest. He grabs and tries to keep the items that are given to him. The baby can cling to the hair and grope for his legs.
The movements of the arms and legs become more conscious and active. Muscle tone decreases, which relaxes the limbs. The palms open.
Physical achievements A child of 2 months holds his head quite well when lying on his stomach. He starts to turn her around, examining the objects around her. The baby holds his head up for 10 to 30 seconds.
Then he rests and picks it up again. The kid intensively moves his arms and legs, imitating running and swimming. The child may spread his arms to the sides during tantrums.
Emotional sphere A real smile appears at the age of 2 months. It is no longer considered a reflex. The kid can just smile at his mother with good health. He reacts with facial expressions to stimuli.
Can laugh after the game tricks of the parents, at the sight of a bright and ringing toy, or a sharp movement of objects in front of the eyes. This is the first genuine emotional contact and interaction in society.
The beginnings of speech The speech apparatus of a 2-month-old baby is actively developing. He can pronounce his first letters. Often the first sounds are vowels.
Attempts to speak will initially be short-lived, accompanied by facial expressions and emotional reactions. The baby will begin to stretch out the sounds more strongly in the future, which will look like singing.
In the 2nd month of a child’s life after birth, progress in his development and growth is noticeable. The baby moves from reflex movements to the stage of differentiated and more conscious actions. Passed a difficult stage of adaptation. The child begins to contact more with adults and objects around him.
The development of the brain will transform the functioning of the body. Coordination of movements and orienting reactions are being established.
“Don’t worry if your baby hasn’t shown an emotional response yet. Everything will come with time.”
2 Month Old Baby Health
Your baby should have a second hepatitis B vaccine by 2 months of age. Rotavirus, pertussis, diphtheria, tetanus, haemophilus influenzae, pneumococcal (meningitis, pneumonia), and polio follow the schedule. Problems with the hip joints can be detected after examination by an orthopedist. She is successfully treated in the early stages.
The baby’s immune system is not yet strong enough. Avoid large crowds of people. Remember that a slight rise in the body temperature of an infant is quite normal. Thermoregulatory processes are only getting better. At this age, values from 36.8 ° C to 37.7 ° C are acceptable.
An umbilical hernia may appear if the child cries often. Sometimes this requires an urgent consultation with a surgeon. Make sure that the baby’s skin does not appear redness and rashes. This may be a response to the mother’s diet. It is necessary to consult with a specialist.
Sleeping Schedules at 2 Month
It is difficult to introduce a strict regimen at the age of two months, but the baby’s biorhythms should already be adjusted. The child begins to understand when the night comes. The baby will sleep a little longer at night if there are no problems with digestion and malnutrition. Stick to the schedule and do not deviate from the goal to enter the mode.
The sleep pattern of a 2 month old baby includes approximately 4 naps of 1.5–2 hours each. The period of wakefulness slightly increases, but the baby sleeps almost all the time. Night sleep is still interrupted. It takes up most of the daily norm of sleep – 8-10 hours. The number of awakenings is slightly reduced. The baby can wake up 3 times a night. The total daily sleep rate for a 2-month-old baby is 15-17 hours.
The success of introducing a sleep schedule will depend entirely on your patience. This is painstaking and diligent work. You need to stay flexible and calm. Don’t expect your baby to sleep at exactly the right time. Minor deviations from the regime are quite normal.
Wake time will increase with age. The child will become more and more interested in the outside world. This will leave its imprint on the observance of the regime. The sleep schedule will always be floating. Remember that it is extremely important to maintain sleep norms for the day and put the child to sleep no later than 10 pm.
2 Month Old Feeding
A two-month-old baby feeds exclusively on mother’s milk or an adapted mixture (if breastfeeding is not possible for some reason). Other food cannot be absorbed by his body. Additional food and drinks should not be given to him, including water. Feed children only with the introduction of complementary foods.
According to the authoritative opinion of most pediatricians, feeding should remain on demand at 2 months. Intervals between meals should not exceed 3 hours. This also applies to night feedings. The time of one meal takes no more than 40 minutes with natural breastfeeding. The child can increase this period during illness.
If you are formula feeding, then be sure to follow the dosage norms by the data on the package, starting from the weight of your baby.
2 Month Old Baby Movements
The baby should be able to raise his head well in the prone position by the end of 2 months of postnatal life. The baby lifts his chest with his head. The holding time of this position should be on average 20 seconds.
The baby can make movements similar to crawling while lying on his stomach. He can reach for objects in front with his arms. The child groans and does not stop trying to get the object. The baby can already turn his head in different directions in the position on his stomach.
A 2-month-old baby actively moves his legs and arms in the supine position. These movements are chaotic but not reflex as before. The child can scratch his nose, rub his eyes, and put his hand in his mouth.
Safety Around Child
The movements of the baby are still poorly coordinated. He wiggles his arms and legs a lot. The baby spends all the time in a lying position, but this does not leave him completely safe. Many possible risks could harm a child. Parents are responsible for the safety of the child.
Never leave an infant unattended despite his little mobility at 2 months. Children of this age often spit up. The child began to actively turn his head and keep her position on the side becomes problematic.
Imperfect thermoregulation requires a particularly careful selection of clothing. Make sure that the baby does not overheat and does not freeze. Apply to the chest more often and measure the temperature when sick. It can jump very fast.
Nutrition – Do not overfeed a 2 month old baby. This is especially true with artificial feeding. There may be profuse regurgitation which is dangerous during sleep. The child may choke on vomit.
Play area – Leave the child awake in a crib or a special playpen under supervision. You can lay the baby on the floor by spreading out the developing mat. Make sure it’s not cold and clean, and keep pets away.
Sleeping place – The baby can sleep at 2 months in a cradle, in a cocoon on a large bed, or in his crib. Do not use thick blankets and pillows. Do not put toys or other objects in the crib.
On the hands – Do not practice holding your child upright without head support. The baby is not yet able to hold his head in this position on his own. Do not approach with the baby in your arms electrical appliances and the stove.
In a car seat – The child should be with his back to the movement. The seat belts are not fastened tightly so as not to squeeze the stomach. You can’t leave your baby alone in the car. Do not abuse the air conditioner to reduce the temperature in the cabin.
In the bathroom – You can use a special bathing circle for 2 months. Such a process can only be carried out with the constant supervision of adults. Don’t leave your toddler in the tub with older kids or even unsupervised.
What To Schedule Next
This month you should get your second hepatitis B vaccine. It is recommended that you already have a vaccine schedule and follow it. Schedule your follow-up doses at 4 months right away. Don’t forget to make an appointment for a mandatory check-up with a pediatrician by the end of 2 months. Go through preventive appointments with narrow specialists: a surgeon, a cardiologist, an orthopedist.
Sign up for a course in wellness or therapeutic massage if necessary. This is mandatory when hypertonicity or developmental delay is detected. For example, if the baby still does not raise his head while lying on his stomach.
Parent’s Tips and Development Speed Up
Don’t rush your baby’s development. Use only age-appropriate techniques. Do not do massages if you are not sure of their correctness. Filter any advice based on your observations of the baby. Perhaps much of the advice on age will not work for you.
- Air baths – Arrange regular wakefulness without a diaper and clothes. This will strengthen the immune system, relieve diaper rash, and eliminate redness and skin irritation. Such procedures are excellent prevention of diseases of the genitourinary system.
- Bag – Always take a bag with you when you leave the house. In it: diapers, clean warm water, wet wipes, and a change of clothes. Take food with you if your baby is formula-fed.
- Flight – It is not forbidden to fly on an airplane with a baby if there are no contraindications. Take care of all the necessary privileges of flying with an infant. Think about the optimal sleeping conditions for your baby.
The sooner you begin to engage in the development of your child, the more progressive it will go. There is no need to give lectures on quantum physics to a 2-month-old baby, but you cannot leave him unattended. The child is now actively demanding interaction with the world and you.
5 Development speed ups
- Games – You can hide and show objects, voice animals, and show pictures.
- Development of speech – Comment out loud every action you take. This will speed up the start of a speech.
- Development of vision – Show your baby a bright object by moving it from right to left, bringing it closer and further away.
- Development of fine motor skills – Put textured objects in his hands and rub his fingers regularly.
- Massage and exercise – Do a light exercise in the morning and a stroking massage before bed.
A baby can’t develop properly without proper care, proper feeding, and healthy sleep. Improve yourself as parents, study modern and progressive methods of development of infants. Do not forget about constant communication with your child. Let them think you are stupid but keep talking to the child like an adult. Keep a healthy atmosphere in the family and do not forget about your psycho-emotional state.