Ontogeny occurs as a result of the growth and development of the organism, which begins in the womb. They are a continuous process that takes place throughout life. Growth and development are two interrelated components of a single process. They are carried out constantly. These are continuous spasmodic transitions of quantitative accumulations into qualitative properties.
Knowledge of the characteristics of transformations within the body of a developing child is very important for pediatricians, psychologists, and parents. The established age standards are conditional and fix the average indicators of growth and development for a particular age. They only help to navigate the correctness of the dynamics of changes in the main parameters.
We give the most important information about the qualitative and quantitative changes of a growing child at a certain age.
24 Month Baby Development
The size of the child every month continues to increase. The growth rate is no longer the same as before. The priority remains the transformation of qualitative indicators. The pace of change in basic data is different for each child. The tendency to slow down growth processes is the same for everyone.
The baby becomes even stronger and more developed by the age of 2. He is cheerful, active, and inquisitive. There are structural and functional changes in the work of some internal organs.
It's The Size of
Based on length and size of a baby at 10 weeks pregnancy we can compare it to strawberry.
It does not feel like anything yet inside your belly, but structure is there and soon enough it will grow big.
How Heavy is it?
0.15 oz ~ 4 gr
Bone structure and enlargement of head has made our baby at least to double in weight between week 9 and 10.
Slowly growing baby fetus is now at 4 grams or 0.15 ounces. Keep in mind that every baby weight during pregnancy is slightly different.
Your Baby is
3.2 CM or 1.25 Inch
It’s hard to measure baby inside your belly during such early development stage.
Overall night is just above one inch or 3 cm. The baby is not measured head to toe yet as it is in round position.
Baby Parts Development Summary at 24 Month
Visually, it seems that the baby lost a little weight at 2 years old. The rate of weight gain remains stable, just increased height and stretched all the proportions of the body.
The head no longer looks big. The oval of the face is elongated due to new teeth. The child seems more mature. The volume of the abdomen decreases and children’s roundness disappears. There are minor but important functional transformations within all systems.
Teeth and jaw – The shape of the jaw is changing, expanding for new teeth. The process of eruption of milk teeth continues. Now the child already has premolars, fangs, and molars are climbing. The jaws close differently which changes the shape of the face.
Skeleton – There is a thickening of the bone tissue of the skull. It gradually heals completely. The growth rate of the spine slows down. Qualitative changes take place in it – bends are formed. The arch of the foot develops. The skeleton is getting stronger and growing.
Muscular system – Well-formed tonic muscles. Phasic muscles develop. The strength of the leg muscles is not yet sufficient for some movements. The muscles of the hands are intensively developed. Skeletal muscles are still in the process of improvement.
Thermoregulation – Chemical thermoregulation is gradually being replaced by a physical one, which is based on vasomotor reactions. The brown adipose tissue ceases to function. Muscles are involved in heat production. The child shivered in the cold. Heat transfer mechanisms are imperfect.
Digestion – The activity of the gastric glands is still quite low. They produce insufficient hydrochloric acid and enzymes. The duodenum grows in size. Increases the activity of the pancreas to digest fats and carbohydrates.
Brain – The neural apparatus of the cerebral cortex is intensively developing. Increases the metabolism of nerve cells. The amount of nucleic acids in the cortex sharply increases by the age of 2 years. There is still no clear hierarchy of the functional organization of the brain.
Your Baby Growth at 24 month
The general parameters of your baby are determined genetically. They can change with age at the rate that corresponds to heredity. Toddlers from 1 to 2 years old add about 11-12 cm in height. The body length in children 2 years old is 86–87 cm.
Weight at this age will depend on the diet and lifestyle of the baby. Growth prevails over weight gain in active and mobile children. Children build up approximately 5.5 lbs throughout one to two years. Head circumference in children at this age slows down their growth. This figure for boys will be 49 cm, and for girls – 48 cm.
The girth of the chest grows at a relatively constant pace. The chest circumference of the fry will be 51 cm and the girls 50 cm.
24 Month Old Baby Milestones
Children of 2 years old expand their opportunities for self-acquaintance with the environment. Motor skills become more and more complicated, and a variety of actions and their differentiation appear.
A child at this age is increasingly repelled by emotional reactions. He is active and very curious. Cognitive functions, speech, and communication skills develop well.
The child learns to interact with the environment by trial and error. He knows where it is dangerous, he has new fears and caution. Consider the key points in the development of babies 2 years old.
A complication of manipulations with objects The variety of manipulations increases and constructive activity becomes more complicated in children by the age of two. The kid gradually learns to use objects for their intended purpose. He arranges the cubes to make a house. The child uses his construction methods.
The method of imitation in actions fades into the background as the child undertakes his innovative ways to assemble a pyramid, build a garage for cars, or a castle for princesses.
Active development of speech The progression of speech is directly related to the interaction of the baby with adults. Particularly with his mother. This communication stimulates the emergence of new phrases and turns of speech that express the relationship between people and objects.
The vocabulary of kids 2 years old reaches 300 words. Many children of this age can already put words into simple sentences: “I want to eat,” “I will play,” “I’m going for a walk outside,” etc.
Visual-motor coordination of hand movements Graphic movements develop well at 2 years. The kid perfectly holds a pencil or pen in his hand, tightly clamping them and making the necessary movements. The child can copy the simplest figures, repeating their contour on a piece of paper.
A child at this age can copy a vertical line. This does not happen very clearly and smoothly, but the baby understands how he needs to move his hand to get such a line.
Development of orientation in space The eyes and head take an active part in spatial orientation. They move freely in the required direction, allowing the child to better dodge potential obstacles and bypass barriers.
The kid knows the local area very well and is oriented in terms of an apartment or house. He can easily find his toys, bathroom, toilet, and his crib.
Activity of emotions Emotional activation predominates at 2 years of age. The baby is attached to an object or person through emotions experienced by him. The reinforced emotional component forms the child's ability to recognize objects. The process of development of non-verbal categorization is provided.
The kid is more drawn to a relative who constantly amuses and makes him laugh. The child is attached to the mother because of the feeling of peace and satisfaction that she gives him.
The emergence of the first elements of self-esteem You can hear the words "I'm good" or "I'm beautiful" from a child of 2 years old. All this is the result of remembering praise from parents. The formation of correct self-esteem should begin as early as possible.
A two-year-old kid now does not see any shortcomings in himself. He loves himself, and tries to show independence: he feeds himself, combs, and brushes his teeth as best he can.
The main conclusions about the physical development of a 2-year-old baby come down to independence of action. The child can imitate, but more and more makes independent movements that he invented and mastered on his own. Games and manipulations with objects become more difficult. There is a transition from emotionally effective communication to objective activity.
The baby’s vocabulary is growing rapidly. He develops his speech, applying it in communication and interaction with the environment.
“Don’t worry if your child isn’t talking yet. Speech progress in many children occurs only after 3 years.”
24 Month Old Baby Health
The development of the arch of the foot is often accompanied by some health problems. Children may hold their feet incorrectly when walking, which requires immediate correction. You should be more careful when choosing your child’s shoes. It must be of high quality and correct form. Get flat foot prophylaxis and physical therapy if necessary to correct foot placement.
Children are still vulnerable to respiratory diseases. They most often suffer from constant colds, sore throats, pharyngitis, bronchitis, and digestive disorders at this age. The core vaccines for this age should already be done. Influenza vaccination is allowed if it has not been previously done.
Continued intake of vitamin D3 for better absorption of calcium. Taking multivitamins by age is welcome, especially if the baby has stopped eating breast milk or formula.
Sleeping Schedules at 24 Month
The sleep schedule of a 2-year-old baby is normalizing and stabilizing. There is approximately the same time of daytime rest and a stable mode of morning awakenings. Children of this age wake up at night only for serious reasons: illness, nightmare, or external factors. There are no serious schedule failures and problems with falling asleep.
Each child has their routine. Children most often wake up no later than 7 or 8 in the morning. Daytime sleep occurs at about noon and lasts until 2 pm. Children 2 years old sleep at least 1-2 hours.
The period of wakefulness does not happen for less than 5-6 hours. Children of this age should sleep at least 8 hours continuously at night. The earlier the child woke up, the earlier he should be put to bed.
Serious sleep disturbances should not be in 2 years. It is better to consult with a neurologist if any are observed. Daytime sleep should be a mandatory part of the regimen. It is still too early to do without rest after wakefulness. The child’s nervous system needs a reboot.
The sleep schedule at 2 years has changed significantly and has become more established. Now the baby is easier to fall asleep than a year ago. Try to observe the daily norms of sleep and adhere to the principle of fixing signs of fatigue. You can ignore the schedule if you see that the baby is drowsy before the prescribed nap time.
24 Month Old Feeding
The diet includes at least 4 meals: breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, and dinner. You can include small snacks on a walk, consisting of fruits, vegetables, and cookies. Continue breastfeeding for as long as possible. Consult with a pediatrician about taking vitamins that will fill the child’s need for trace elements.
The diet of the child expands to 2 years. The base is formed by: meat dishes, fish, eggs, cereals, vegetable oils, and butter. Vegetables and fruits make up at least 60% of the total food. Dairy products are allowed: milk (if there is no lactose intolerance), cottage cheese, hard cheese, and homemade yogurts.
Banned: fried, fatty, sweets, citrus fruits, exotic fruits, redfish, mushrooms, legumes, processed meats, smoked meats. It is recommended to move to a common table gradually.
24 Month Old Baby Movements
Movements by 2 years are at a high level of their diversity. The kid walks well, runs, jumps on two legs, and squats from any position. He calmly climbs a hill, a ladder, along the rungs on the playground. The kid can perform the simplest sports tasks: walk on toes, back and forth, step over obstacles or jump over them.
A 2-year-old child also performs more complex movements: throws and catches the ball and tries to hit the target with it. He can perform simultaneous actions, stomp his feet and clap his hands. Children of this age are actively mastering children’s transport: scooters, bicycles on three wheels, and balance bikes. Children of more active parents can already ski, swim and compete.
Safety Around Child
A 2-year-old kid does not think, but acts. He sees the goal and goes to it, not paying attention to the likely obstacles and dangers. The child’s social circle expands, and new more extreme interests appear a bicycle, a scooter, and slides. All this increases the risk of injury.
The most relevant at this age is the activity of the baby within the home and especially on the street. Children can easily enter the roadway in their children’s transport. They can climb into the water after the fallen ball.
The danger from the environment increases. The baby tends to trust adults, which increases the risk of leaving with a stranger while the mom is distracted. Unquenchable curiosity involves the child in the game with dangerous objects: matches, fire, knives, and electrical appliances.
On the street – Choose a place to walk away from busy highways. Better specially equipped parks or areas with fences from the roads. Never let your child out of your sight. Control his intentions. They can be unpredictable.
Camping – Always keep your baby in sight near a forest or pond. There are frequent cases when a child is lost in the forest or tall grass. It is difficult to find him because he will be silent from fear.
Household appliances and electricity – Block access to electrical appliances, wires, and sockets. Keep your child away from a running washing machine or dishwasher. Keep your baby away from heating appliances and hair dryers.
In the car – Choose a car seat according to the age and weight of your baby. Check seat belts before driving. Do not give the child extra items in the hands. Do not put your baby without a car seat in other cars.
Windows – Always block windows and balcony doors. Especially if you live on a high floor. Do not leave a window open with a mosquito net. It does not protect against falling because it is weakly fixed.
In the bathroom – Do not pour a full bath for a child. Water should not be more than 5–10 cm. Block hot water taps. Never leave a child alone in the bathroom.
What To Schedule Next
There are currently no plans to introduce any vaccines after 2 years. Consultation with an immunologist is recommended if gaps have been made in the vaccination schedule. He will develop an individual vaccination plan according to age.
The active process of socialization begins at 2 years. If you haven’t enrolled your child in kindergarten yet, now is the time to do so. It is recommended to take the baby to additional group developmental classes in a situation where parents refuse the services of a preschool.
An appointment with a pediatrician after 1 year becomes exclusively a need. It is necessary to visit a doctor when there is a reason for that. Respond in time to the baby’s complaints about health and plan a visit to highly specialized specialists.
Parents Tips and Development Speed Up
At the age of 2 there is a process of transition from natural to the social type of development. All the prerequisites for the development of personality are created. Any advice used during this period must be carefully selected. Do not use methods that can harm your baby. Use only age guidelines.
- Teach self-reliance – A 2-year-old kid should already be able to put on simple things for himself: socks, pants, a jacket, a hat, and shoes. He knows how to use the toilet or the potty. Teach him how to brush his teeth and wash his hands.
- Consider the opinion of the child – Always listen to the baby carefully if he already speaks well. Get down to his height and look him straight in the eyes when he communicates. Do not ignore his requests and indignation.
- Sleep separately – Wean your baby to sleep with parents before it’s too late. If you have made such a mistake, then correct it now. The child must sleep without parents. Preferably in a separate room.
The kid actively switches to objective activities at 2 years old. He enjoys playing with various challenging toys, and keeping a close eye on his parents who show him how to play correctly. Now the cognitive activity of the child is growing and you should not miss this moment. Pay more attention to development.
5 Development speed up
- Creative development – Turn on music for your baby, sing and dance, and draw with paints and pencils.
- Speech development – Read a lot and learn the words. Name the objects that the baby sees.
- Physical development – Ride a bike, swim in the pool, and spend time actively.
- Intellectual development – Perform more complex logical tasks and graphic exercises.
- Emotional intelligence – Discuss emotions aloud by saying all the feelings experienced by the child.
Remember that your child’s development and behavior are a complete reflection of you. A 2-year-old kid is inclined to simply repeat the lifestyle of an adult. Do not sit at home all the time in front of the TV screen or on the phone. Walk outdoors more. Read a lot and engage in the development of your child. Now is the most interesting age and there are no serious crisis moments. Don’t waste precious time.