Possession of knowledge of the laws of development of the child and the specifics of the functioning of systems at different stages of ontogenesis helps parents. This is a necessary condition for ensuring the normal physical and mental health of the future generation.
The physiology and psychophysiology of children is an important component of knowledge for specialists and parents. Infancy is a very fragile and significant period of a child’s life in which the foundation of the psyche and health is laid. You need to be aware of all the intricacies of the growth and development of children under 1 year old.
6 Month Baby Development
Six months is the age when the baby crosses the line of the middle of his infancy. He reaches unprecedented heights in mastering new motor skills. The child grows stronger physically and develops mentally. The baby has new interests in the world. He is increasingly dependent on his parents.
There are morphological and functional changes in all systems and organs of the child. The parameters of the growth and development of the baby do not stand still.
It's The Size of
Based on length and size of a baby at 10 weeks pregnancy we can compare it to strawberry.
It does not feel like anything yet inside your belly, but structure is there and soon enough it will grow big.
How Heavy is it?
0.15 oz ~ 4 gr
Bone structure and enlargement of head has made our baby at least to double in weight between week 9 and 10.
Slowly growing baby fetus is now at 4 grams or 0.15 ounces. Keep in mind that every baby weight during pregnancy is slightly different.
Your Baby is
3.2 CM or 1.25 Inch
It’s hard to measure baby inside your belly during such early development stage.
Overall night is just above one inch or 3 cm. The baby is not measured head to toe yet as it is in round position.
Baby parts development summary
The muscular frame gets stronger with the increase in physical activity at 6 months. The skeleton is growing and requires tremendous support for the development of bipedalism. The baby gradually rises from the surface higher and higher.
There are serious functional changes in the work of internal organs. Body growth implies an increase in internal organs. There may be malfunctions in the functioning of the digestive tract with a strong growth spurt, as they do not have time to adjust to this pace.
There are some changes in the composition of the blood and the specifics of the work of the hematopoietic organs. The work of the heart changes and the pulse rate decreases.
Muscular frame – The muscles of the trunk are getting stronger by 6 months. The back becomes stronger. This allows the baby to start crawling on their stomach. Training the arms and abdominal muscles contributes to quick sitting. Children can voluntarily tense their muscles.
Skeleton – The intensive growth of the skeleton far outstrips the growth of muscle mass, but the bones remain slightly pliable and weak. The final strengthening of the skeleton will come after 1 year. A large fontanel is slightly overgrown in the skull.
Teeth – The first tooth may appear outward at 6 months. The lower incisors are cut. These are milk teeth under which the molars already lie. The appearance of the first tooth can be painful for the baby.
Digestive system – The length of the esophagus is now about 12 cm. It is funnel-shaped. The muscular sphincter of the inlet group of the stomach is still poorly developed. This leads to frequent regurgitation. The intestine is long and chaotically folded.
Excretory system – The kidneys are still completely immature both morphologically and functionally. The filtering surface increases and the tubules lengthen. Stable parameters of water-salt homeostasis are maintained. The number of urination is slightly reduced.
Circulatory system and heart – Overgrows the oval hole between the atria. It occurs in 60–80% of babies at 6 months of age. There is a separation of arterial and venous blood flow. The high regenerative capacity of the myocardium. The blood supply to the heart muscle is good.
Your Baby Growth at 6 month
The parameters of the child are constantly growing. The average weight by 6 months for each child has an individual value.
An important parameter of growth and development is a head circumference. Its intensive growth is observed in the first 3 months of a baby’s life. Follow these indicators for up to 1 year. The head circumference of a girl at 6 months will be 42.4 cm. These data for boys are 44 cm. The circumference of the chest of babies at 6 months is also different: for boys – 43 cm, for girls – 42 cm.
6 Month Old Baby Milestones
The child becomes strong enough physically at the age of six months. He has new skills, active body movements, and more coordinated functioning of the limbs. Strengthens the muscles. Confident muscle tension appears. All this is aimed at increasing further independence and upright posture.
The child develops mentally and psycho-emotionally. He spends a lot of time with his parents, gaining interaction experience and improving his communication skills. He develops a memory that helps him adapt to external stimuli. Consider the most key points in the development of the child at 6 months.
Physical development The child begins to crawl on his stomach with the strengthening of the muscles of the body. He actively explores the space, and can easily crawl to the object that is placed in front of him.
Voluntary muscle tension allows the child to resist uncomfortable positions or dressing. The child learns to sit up, trying to turn on his side and rest his feet. It lifts the body in the stroller and car seat. This behavior is stimulated by an increased cognitive interest in the world.
Fine motor skills Motor skills are gradually improving. The child can grab objects and hold them in the palms. Grasping movements are not yet clear. The kid often misses the right target.
Actions with objects are more active. A child from any position takes a toy, twists it in his hands, and shifts from one hand to another.
Skills and abilities in nutrition Food interest increases very strongly at 6 months. This encourages the development of new skills. The child can eat from a spoon, removing food with his lips and swallowing it, chewing lightly with his gums.
The ability to drink liquids in small sips from a cup appears. The child pulls his head to the spoon with food and opens his mouth. He asks for more, getting satisfaction from the new food.
Visual reactions Improves vision and ability to concentrate. The baby sees the surrounding space in three changes. Binocular vision is finally formed. The kid reacts violently to bright light, colorful drawings, and toys.
There is a clear control over the movements of the hands at 6 months. The kid carefully peers into the eyes, reading the emotional state and attitude towards himself. Eye movements are clear and confident.
Hearing reactions The child perfectly recognizes the voice of the mother. Gives an emotional response to pleasant and funny sounds. The baby well distinguishes the tone of voice at 6 months.
Emphasizes strict intonations, aggressive and tender. A baby may cry easily if spoken too loudly and sternly to him. He already remembers his name by ear, responding to it and turning his head towards the caller.
Preparation of speech A six-month-old baby is distinguished by constant babbling. It shows the response to the emotions of parents and other people. The child can talk in his way with his favorite toy.
The kid practices pronunciation and repetition of syllables. Consonant sounds appear in his articulation possibilities. The child trains every day, imitating speech and developing new sounds.
The visual and auditory orienting reactions of the baby are greatly aggravated by 6 months. He actively uses his sense organs for development and cognitive activity. The kid shows progress in intellectual development and psycho-emotional improvement.
Achievements in physical activity are due to the strengthening of the muscles of the body. The child does difficult work on the way to the vertical position of the body.
“Six months is an important and very interesting milestone in the postnatal development of a child that requires special attention from parents.”
6 Month Old Baby Health
The child loses passive immunity received with the mother’s milk already after 6 months of life. The formation of your immune system is extremely slow. The result is a high incidence of infants.
Anatomical and physiological features of the respiratory organs (narrowness of the airways, immaturity of the acini, etc.) in infants often cause damage to the organs of the respiratory system. The course of such diseases is particularly severe.
The introduction of complementary foods is mandatory at 6 months. Skeletal growth requires additional nutrition. A nutritional complex rich in vitamin D is useful. You can add this vitamin separately. The 3rd dose of DTap and PCV13 should be given at 6 months of age. Closely monitor the baby’s temperature, skin rashes, and stool regularity after the introduction of complementary foods.
Sleeping Schedules at 6 Month
Sleep regression often manifests itself within six months. This is a persistent violation in the schedule due to a sharp jump in growth and development. The adaptation period takes from 2 to 4 weeks. It is necessary to adapt to the change in the regimen of the child during this period without forcing him to sleep by force.
The sleep schedule for a 6-month-old baby is based on the daily allowance. A baby of this age should sleep at least 13-15 hours a day. Night sleep becomes less interrupted. Some children do not wake up at all and refuse night feedings. Normally, there are 1-2 awakenings per 8-10 hours of sleep at night. The daily schedule includes 3 main sleeps – 2 long sleeps (1.5 hours each) and one short sleep (30 minutes).
The most difficult thing at 6 months is to survive the sleep regression while maintaining the child’s daily routine. Be patient and don’t give up trying to restore the regime. Stay flexible and use only a flexible system for scheduling sleep. Try to distract the child a little and try again after 15-20 minutes if he is very resistant.
It is very important not to deviate from the daily norm of sleep. It is recommended by experts based on the physiological needs of the child. Practice early bedtime to preserve your baby’s health and mental well-being (no later than 21:00).
6 Month Old Feeding
The child should eat complementary foods from the age of 6 months. The system of introducing complementary foods is recommended based on the weight of the baby. Porridge is administered if there is a shortage in body weight. It is recommended to start complementary meals with vegetable purees within the normal weight range.
It is very important to make the introduction of complementary foods gradual at first one teaspoon. The child is given time to get used to food within 3-5 days. The other feeding options are introduced.
Ideal vegetable purees to start with: squash, carrot, pumpkin. Then you can introduce avocados and fruit purees: banana, apple, and pear. Do not insist if the baby does not want to eat a certain food, otherwise, a negative attitude towards food intake will develop. Do not replace breastfeeding with complementary foods. Give him 2-3 times a day supplementing with milk.
6 Month Old Baby Movements
A baby at 6 months without outside help freely rolls over on any side. He does this both from the position on the stomach and from the back. Many children of this age are trying to sit up or are already sitting, but not yet confidently. Babies practice squatting to begin full crawling.
The kid confidently pushes off the surface with his legs while supporting him with his hands. He can playfully bounce and show positive emotions. The child perfectly holds his head while in the arms of an adult, turning it in any direction. He has good core control and demonstrates muscular resistance.
Safety Around Child
A six-month-old baby becomes too active and should not be left alone. It is necessary to take additional security measures that will help to avoid sad consequences. The child does not understand the boundaries of what is permitted and the possible danger that may threaten his health. He is always at risk.
A child lies in wait for many dangerous things in the 6th month of life. Most relevant: risk of falling from a height; the likelihood of swallowing foreign objects; risk of chemical and thermal burns.
The child may injure himself with sharp objects, drink or eat detergent. Safety must be ensured in communication with strangers when walking and in public places. The child is very vulnerable without the help of an adult.
In the kitchen – Leave your child strapped into a seat or playpen while preparing meals. Try to put the baby away from the stove and chemicals if he prefers to sit on the floor. Remove sharp and fragile objects from the edge of the table.
In the play area – Use special barriers for crawling children. Leave your child only with safe and soft toys. Use video surveillance for the period of forced absence near the child. Place the play area away from walkways and stairs.
Outdoors – Do not lose sight of the child even for a minute when relaxing in nature, especially near ponds and pools. His curiosity can harm his own life and health. Use sunscreen or umbrellas.
When feeding – Do not feed your baby in the supine position. Sit him in a chair or on your lap. Do not give water immediately after a meal or the child will choke. Try not to overfeed your baby.
In transport – Always fasten your seat belt and use an infant car seat. Do not feed the child while driving and do not put foreign objects in his hands. Sit in designated seats for mothers on public transport.
In the stroller – Be sure to buckle up your child, especially if he is already seated. Use a hood for sun protection. Do not leave the stroller with the child of strangers or unattended. Use the brakes when you need to free your hands.
What To Schedule Next
The next vaccination will be at 9 months. While you can postpone the registration for vaccinations. Be sure to consult with your pediatrician about the introduction of complementary foods. The doctor will advise the correct amount and specific features of complementary foods specifically for your child, based on the growth and development of the baby.
It is better to contact a pediatric gastroenterologist if there are problems with digestion, stool retention, or colic. Consult a dermatologist and an allergist if allergic reactions appear in the form of a rash, diathesis, or allergic colitis. You will need to change your diet during this period.
At 6 months, it is better to undergo an ultrasound of the heart to control the closure of the oval window. The doctor will prescribe a second ultrasound in six months or a year if it has not yet been closed.
Parents Tips and Development Speed Up
All recommendations and tips for caring for a child used should be age-appropriate. Do not try to standardize your child and drive him into the framework of the generally accepted daily routine for 6 months. All children grow and develop at their pace.
- Start giving water – Be sure to drink the baby with clean water with the introduction of complementary foods. This will reduce the risk of constipation and other digestive disorders. Digesting complex foods requires extra fluid in the body.
- Set boundaries – The kid still understands little, but he can distinguish intonations. Tell him “no” if he does something dangerous to his health. Use a more strict but non-aggressive tone of voice for prohibitions.
- Do not force them to sit – The longer the child does not sit down, the better for his health. Never intentionally seat your baby. If he is not sitting yet, then the back muscles are not strong enough.
Don’t limit yourself to hygiene, nutrition, and grooming in caring for a child. Develop your child mentally and physically. Practice accepting different emotions, discussing them, and using them in communications. Diversity in the development of the child will help expand his horizons and improve speech and motor skills.
5 Ways to Speed Up Development
- Stimulation of crawling – Provide your baby with a free large space with interesting objects for movement.
- Educational games – Give your child a simple pyramid, sorters, and three-dimensional puzzles.
- Massage – Take a course on preventive or therapeutic massage. It effectively improves physical development.
- Hardening – Strengthen your child’s immunity by hardening in water and taking air baths.
- Development of memory – Focus your baby’s attention on names. Point to objects and say their names.
The successful physical and mental development of the child depends on you. Provide him with peace and a favorable atmosphere in the family. The kid should feel comfortable being in a circle of close people. This is a guarantee of his internal security that relieves anxiety. Don’t create negative attitudes towards sleep and food. This mistake will be extremely difficult to correct.