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How to Help a Choking Baby?

Both small and adult children are a danger to themselves. They have an increased interest and research zeal to learn everything in infancy. This encourages them to constantly put everything in their mouths. The risk of suffocation as a result of finding a foreign body inside the respiratory tract increases.

A child can choke while eating, playing, and even sleeping. Parents need to know first aid in such a situation. Let us analyze in more detail the signs that the child has choked the first methods of help and further actions.

In what situations can a child choke?

Parents should remain vigilant to minimize the likelihood of a dangerous situation. You need to understand exactly when a child may be in potential danger. Let’s look at the most common situations in which children can choke and remain on the verge of suffocation:

While eating

This is the most common variant of suffocation. Children under 1 year old are not recommended to give food in large pieces. They don’t have chewing teeth yet. There are only front incisors with which the baby can bite off too large a piece of fruit or a cookie.

Infants are very active, often distracted, and show violent emotions. If at this time the baby eats, then an unsuccessful piece of food can enter the respiratory tract. This does not necessarily happen only with infants. It might be the same with adults.

During the game

The modern abundance of small designers, puzzles, and toys increase the risk of suffocation hundreds of times. Children choke on beads, small magnets, Lego pieces, buttons, balls, lollipops, etc. Playing with increased activity can be a potential hazard.

A typical situation: a whistle is in the child’s mouth and he is actively running around the room. The whistle is pushed into the pharynx when it falls and blocks the airways.

In the car

Many parents make serious mistakes by giving their children a toy or some other object while driving. They do this to distract the child. The movement is not always uniform and the object may be inside the child’s airways during sudden braking.

While sleeping

Young children may choke on their vomit while sleeping. Regurgitation occurs very often for up to six months. The risk of vomiting occurs if the baby overeats, especially when he is bottle-fed. Babies who cannot roll over freely can choke on their gastric emptying.

First aid for a choking baby under 1 year old

Children need to apply certain techniques to help with suffocation at each age. They will be different due to the structure of the body and the characteristics of breathing. Do not use adult techniques on infants. We will analyze first aid for children under 1 year old:

Remove the item mechanically If you find signs of choking in a small child, first look into his mouth. If you see a stuck object and understand that you can get it, then get it. It is better not to touch it when there is a high risk of pushing an object or piece of food deep into the throat.

Raise the baby’s hands This will help if the piece of food that has risen against the respiratory tract is small. This simple method helps to expand the airways and restore the oxygen supply.

Thrusts 5 times on the back Sit in a comfortable position with your leg extended forward. Take the baby down on his stomach and place it on your arm. Do 5 solid thrusts with your right hand. Blows should be sharp and directed between the shoulder blades of the baby. You need to hit the edge of the palm.

Call 911 It is better to call an ambulance if the first attempts to help were unsuccessful and you see that the situation is serious. Let someone else do it while you are doing breathing exercises.

How to understand that a child needs help?

If the child can talk, cry, and cough, then he will most likely cope with the situation on his own. Some signs require immediate first aid:

Wheezing and breath holdingThe child begins to wheeze strangely and cannot swallow air. Older children hold on to their throats. Babies just become lethargic and inactive. They develop hoarse breathing and signs of loss of consciousness.

Widely open eyes The child appears to panic in a state of suffocation. Eyes open wide and strong fear is visible in them at this time. The resulting panic changes facial features and eye expressions.

Doesn’t scream, doesn’t cry, and doesn’t talk – The child most likely has a blocked airway if he cannot utter a word, and does not cry or scream. Older children at this time will instinctively move their hands, gesticulating and trying to explain that they are choking. Babies are more likely to be less active.

Increased salivation Blocked airways increase the secretion of the salivary glands. The child cannot swallow this saliva and it flows from the mouth. This is all associated with other signs of suffocation.

Reflex opening of the mouth If the baby choked, then by the action of the reflex he will open his mouth wide. So the body tries to get rid of a foreign body that has entered the respiratory tract.

Skin change Skin color changes in more severe situations. The child first becomes red from tension and spasms. Then the skin starts to turn blue. The lips may become pale or blue.

Faint Loss of consciousness indicates a complete lack of oxygen access. The brain turns off during this time. This sign indicates that you need to urgently provide first aid.

How to avoid situations in which a child can choke?

Preventive measures are always better than actual help. Keep small and even adult children in a safe area.

Eating unaccompanied Do not encourage toddlers and older children to eat while watching cartoons or movies. Eating should not have any visual or audio accompaniment.

Do not speak with a full mouth Teach children not to talk, laugh, scream and cry while chewing. This increases the risk of food clumps entering the respiratory tract.

Do not give children under 1 year old food in large pieces Young children learn to chew after 1 year. Food gradually becomes coarser and requires grinding. Do not give nuts, seeds, or hard fruits in the whole form to babies under 1 year old.

Control food intake Always be near the baby while he is small and cannot chew on his own. Eating should be supervised by an adult. Do not leave your child alone with fruits, vegetables, bread, and cookies. Do not let children eat crispy biscuits, crackers, or fresh bread with drinks. It is necessary to drink such food only after thorough chewing. Some of the food may enter the respiratory tract when swallowing.

Do not buy toys with small parts Children under 3 years old tend to explore everything not only with their hands but also with their mouths. Keep all small objects out of your baby’s field of vision. Toys must meet age-appropriate safety standards. Use aids for the development of fine motor skills can only be under the supervision of an adult.

Put the baby to sleep with his head on his side This applies to infants who are not yet rolling over. The baby’s face should be laid on its side to avoid choking on its vomit.

Do not give anything in the car Children are not recommended to eat and play with toys while driving. This is especially true for children under 3 years of age. Sudden braking will lead to the fact that a foreign body or food will fall into the wrong place at any time. You may not immediately notice that the baby is choking while driving.

Keep order in the house You should always make sure that there are no scattered things in the house while the child is small. Children are capable of putting anything into their mouths: pet food, pills, sharp objects, cotton wool, jewelry, etc.

Safety precautions Older children can be explained what situations are fraught with the ingress of foreign bodies into the respiratory tract. Explain that you cannot run with food, candy, lollipops, and toys in his mouth. Explain table manners. Explain that he needs to immediately ask for help from adults. Learn to call 911.

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