The growth rate of the child slows down slightly after the first year of life. There are no strong jumps and serious sleep disturbances. The next most noticeable regression will be observed at 18 months. Development should go smoothly in this period.
A baby at the age of 13 months is not much different from his one-year period. He will already walk well, balance, and feel his body. You will not notice any major changes in the child. There is no pronounced regression of sleep at this time. We will consider only some of the possible violations of sleep and wakefulness.
Symptoms of Sleep Regression
At 13 months you may notice symptoms similar to those seen in sleep regression. They will not be so pronounced and will not cause much discomfort to parents. The low severity of symptoms is because during this period there are no strong spurts in growth and development.
Possible symptoms of regression at 13 months:
- The anxiety of the child before going to bed
- Sleep shifts
- Short naps
- Increased tearfulness
- Awakenings at night
The absence of symptoms of sleep regression at 13 months does not mean that the development of the child has stopped. All children tolerate changes in their bodies in different ways. A period of a few months after the first year of life is considered slightly more stable.
There are cases when the regression of 12 months can be delayed. Then the symptoms flow into the next age stage. This is more of an exception and should not be the norm.
Does Every Child Have Regression?
Sleep regression is a child’s natural response to growth and developmental spurts. It occurs in all children but proceeds along its path in each case.
There must be appropriate conditions for sleep disorders to arise to which the child has to adapt. It is precise because of the reaction of the baby to jumps in growth and development that the severity of the symptoms will depend.
Regression is most pronounced at 4 months, 8–12 months, 18 months, and 2 years. The boundaries of these periods are often blurred. One regression can flow into another and parents simply will not notice improvements in their baby’s sleep. Sleep regression happens to everyone, but it feels different.
Night and Nap Changes During 13 Month Sleep Regression
The norms of daily sleep for a child of 13 months are still 12-13 hours. About 11 of them should be allocated for night sleep and about 2 for naps. The wakefulness of the child increases to 5 hours if he switched to 1 daytime sleep. This gap during the period of sleep disturbances can be either less or more, depending on which direction the deviations go.
Most children start with short naps. Their duration is from 40 minutes to 1 hour. The usual daily routine can become unstable during the period of sleep regression.
Nighttime sleep often depends on daytime sleep. The child should sleep at least 10 hours a night despite changes in daytime sleep. It is recommended to put the baby to bed no later than 21:00. The bedtime schedule can go astray during the regression period, as well as the time of morning awakenings.
Development Changes That Cause Sleep Regression at 13 Month
There are no sharp jumps in growth and development at 13 months. Several changes can affect the quality of your baby’s sleep. They are mainly associated with new skills in this period of life. It is primarily about walking skills. It is their development that is now reaching its peak and causing many changes in the life of the baby.
1. Crisis at 1 year old
A baby can noticeably change in behavior after passing the milestone of 1 year. Everyone goes through this period in their way.
The crisis of the first year of life can drag on a little. This leads to a deterioration in the psycho-emotional state and behavior of the child. The child remains very capricious, quick-tempered, and demanding even at 13 months. There are also sleep disturbances expressed in difficulty falling asleep, pampering, and whims.
2. Walking skills
Significant development of independent walking skills is confined to 10–18 months. The kid moves a lot during this period, actively explores the territory, and spends most of the time in an upright position. Emotional upheavals respond to the quality and quantity of sleep that he experiences while exploring this world on his own. This lasts as long as it takes the baby to get used to the new skill.
3. Fear of separation from mom
The child still experiences the fear of separation at 13 months. The baby is often nervous if the mother is absent, cries, and calls her back. He protests against other people who are trying to replace mom.
The fear of separation can last for a long time and its overcoming is not predictable. Children often have difficulty falling asleep due to this condition. Night sleep during such a period cannot become continuous in any way and the child wakes up all the time. This is due to the increased anxiety of the baby.
4. Accumulation of fatigue
A very common occurrence after the first year of life is the accumulation of fatigue. It can be seen in the manifestations of changing regime norms. Most often this is due to the transition to 1 nap at a time when the baby is not yet ready for this.
There is an accumulation of fatigue in very early awakenings in the morning that cannot be compensated for by one nap. By the evening the child is already very tired and has difficulty falling asleep. He sleeps poorly at night and wakes up early in the morning. There is a cumulative fatigue effect that can be dealt with by regaining an extra day’s nap.
5. Verbal communication
The child’s communication becomes as verbal as possible. Many children of this age already pronounce their first words and become sociable.
The desire for constant interaction with adults leads to the active work of the brain and the development of speech. Children are increasingly learning new sounds and words. This can directly affect the quality of sleep. Mental fatigue does not allow the baby to sleep peacefully and he becomes less assiduous and more excited.
How Long Does Sleep Regression Last?
The duration of the sleep regression period in babies is individual. This stage begins at 4 months and repeats in fragments for up to 2 years. The trigger for starting the process of sleep regression can be sharp jumps in growth and development. The final frontier is the complete adaptation of the child to new conditions.
The duration of one regression is normally 2 weeks. Sometimes it can take up to 4-6 weeks. Symptoms in the acute phase last for several days.
Negatively affect the duration of the regression:
- an abrupt change in sleep conditions
- mother’s emotional state
- lack of flexible daily routine
- lack of nutrition
- associated health problems
How to Deal with 13 Month Sleep Regression
Take action if you see signs of sleep regression in a 13-month-old baby. The sooner you start taking measures to reduce symptoms, the easier and faster the child will adapt. Use several recommendations with which you can reduce the duration and brightness of the manifestation of regression.
Pay close attention to emotions. Don’t react negatively to deviations in sleep patterns. Always remain consistent in your actions. Be patient when putting the baby to sleep. Be assertive but not negative. Observe the reaction of the child during the period of regressive deviations. Don’t let yourself blame the child for not sleeping well. Remain always in the position of an adult.
Shared rest time
Use the child’s sleep as a time for your relaxation. This applies not only to night but also daytime sleep. Try to be awake with the baby at the same time every day. Try to rest when he sleeps. Don’t do household chores. Replenish your resource and further spend them on helping the child.
One time of rest with the child synchronizes your modes and will allow more gently endure the period of sleep regression.
Make your baby’s day as active as possible. Play, use developing activities, train walking skills. It is worth spending more time outdoors.
The first half of the child’s daily regimen should be maximally loaded with physical activity. Slow down a little in the late afternoon and choose more relaxed activities. Such a schedule will allow the baby not to overwork before going to bed and sleep better at night.
Significant violations of daily norms are observed during a sleep regression. You should not force the child to sleep if the chosen time does not suit him at all. Follow the rhythms of the child and what time is most convenient for him.
It is better to use a flexible schedule that can always be adjusted to new changes in the child’s biorhythms. The action of force easily causes a negative reaction in the child to sleep. This reaction can be remembered for years.
An early bedtime will help to recover from an ever-changing daily routine. Remember that the best time to go to sleep at night is around 9 p.m. This helps to quickly return the child to the usual sleep and wakefulness. Sleep will become stronger and longer. Early bedtime eliminates the cause of overwork, and allows the baby to rest and gain strength overnight.
Sleep conditions should always be stable. It is about the preservation and constancy of the rituals of falling asleep. Don’t put the child to sleep next to you for the period of regression if practicing falling asleep on his own for a long time. And vice versa – do not force the child to sleep separately with symptoms of regression at 13 months if you slept together until 1 year.
Watch for resistance
The process of falling asleep in a child should normally be 10-20 minutes. Stop if you observe that the baby is very resistant and does not want to sleep for half an hour. It speaks of his exhaustion.
It is worth reducing the period of wakefulness before going to bed in such a situation. Give the child the opportunity to relax before bed by reducing it by 10-15 minutes. The shift in sleep time should be smooth and very labile. Always keep an eye on your child.
FAQ about 13 Month Sleep Regression
Q1: Sleep regression symptoms do not go away after a year. Is this a 13-month sleep regression?
A1: Most likely, the regression of 1 year was delayed if the period of improvement in sleep in the child is not observed. Regression normally lasts 2 weeks but can take up to 6 weeks.
Q2: Is it mandatory that there will be a regression of 13 months?
A2: No. This age is not required for the onset of regression. There are only minor sleep disturbances. Regression may not be observed for up to 1.5 years. It’s all individual and everyone proceeds in their way.
Q3: Should I contact a child sleep specialist if I can’t cope with sleep regression?
A3: Situations with the course of sleep regression are very different. Contact a specialist if the child is worried about the lack of normal sleep for a very long time. Try to initially overcome these crisis periods on your own. The specialist will help identify the causes of prolonged symptoms and adjust the daily routine if the situation does not change.
Q4: How long can a 13-month sleep regression last?
A4: This age is not marked by the onset of regression. If there are sleep disturbances, then the symptoms are weak. Most of the time it goes away in a few days. This regression won’t be long and much easier to deal with.
Q5: What can cause sleep disturbances at 13 months?
A5: Children after a year begin to walk well and actively train these skills. Such a jump in development and motor activity can provoke some sleep disorders.
Q6: Is there a difference between 12 and 13 month sleep regression?
A6: Sleep regression in the first year of life is much more noticeable. It is a significant period in a child’s life. This is a milestone after which development is quite active. The symptoms of this sleep regression are pronounced and have a significant impact on the child’s daily routine.
Sleep regression at 13 months may either be absent altogether or be superficial. It does not have severe symptoms and passes quickly.