The body of a woman presents her with many surprises from the very moment of conception. They are expressed in new symptoms that appear at certain times and are due to various reasons. One of these manifestations of pregnancy is dry mouth.
This symptom is not always harmless and often causes a lot of inconvenience to women in positions. A lack of saliva can potentially affect vital body functions. Let us consider in more detail all the details and features of the manifestation of dry mouth in pregnant women.
At what stage of pregnancy does the symptom appear?
A dry mouth is a common negative symptom of the first trimester of pregnancy. It occurs from about 7 weeks and lasts until the end of the 13th week of pregnancy. A dry mouth can also appear in the third trimester from the 27th week. This is less common and is often a sign of an underlying medical condition or dehydration.
How does dry mouth appear?
A woman notices that she is increasingly thirsty at the beginning of pregnancy. The oral cavity dries up when talking, during sleep, or in a calm state. The use of water does not always alleviate the situation and alleviates the symptoms only temporarily.
There is difficulty in chewing with a dry mouth. It is unpleasant for a woman to breathe, speak, and all the time she wants to swallow, which is extremely difficult without the proper amount of saliva. The dryness of the oral cavity is accompanied by a coating on the tongue and its adhesion to the upper palate. Bad breath appears hygiene and gum health suffer.
Causes of dry mouth during pregnancy
Dry mouth, like most of the symptoms of pregnancy, is not without the influence of hormonal levels. Here is a more detailed analysis of the main causes of dry mouth in pregnant women:
High levels of progesterone and estrogen
Large-scale restructuring of the hormonal system causes xerostomia. The oral mucosa dries out under the influence of the main hormone – progesterone. An increase in estrogen levels also affects the sensitivity and function of the mucous membranes.
Lack of water
Banal dehydration can cause the mouth to dry out. This occurs against the background of toxicosis and constant vomiting. A problem such as severe dry mouth may arise if a woman does not compensate for this by drinking plenty of water during this period.
The initial stage of diabetes
A dry mouth will rarely be the primary symptom of gestational diabetes. This often happens with a woman’s genetic predisposition to such diseases. You need to monitor your blood sugar levels.
Violations of nasal breathing
Rhinitis, sinusitis, and swelling of the nasal mucosa often appear during the gestation period. A woman in position breathes through her mouth more often because of this and this causes dryness. First of all, you need to deal with nasal breathing, the improvement of which should remove side symptoms.
Less common causes
Dry mouth in pregnant women occurs when smoking, or eating highly salted or smoked foods. Sometimes a lack of saliva is a side effect of taking medications or even supplements. Consult your doctor to determine the exact cause.
Will dry mouth go away after childbirth?
A woman is very thirsty during childbirth. The symptom of dryness should go away after delivery. Perhaps it will take some time. It is necessary that another hormonal restructuring of the woman’s body takes place.
It is impossible to completely exclude the fact of the appearance of xerostomia in a woman after the birth of a baby. Perhaps the violation will take a serious chronic form. This happens very rarely. The reasons for the lack of saliva are usually quite easily eliminated. The symptom goes away if you follow all the rules and a plentiful drinking regimen. It is worth getting an examination if the symptoms do not resolve within a few months after childbirth.
Why dry mouth during pregnancy is harmful?
There is no cause for concern with the short duration of such a specific symptom. However, there may be associated problems if its manifestation is delayed and the discomfort does not decrease. Here is an example of the most typical situations:
Difficulty in speech
The tongue becomes too dry when the oral mucosa is not sufficiently moistened. This makes it difficult to pronounce words. A woman notices severe discomfort when talking, the tongue sticks to the surface of the palate, it is dry, and does not work well. There is a slight inhibition of speech and obvious defects.
Problems with gums and teeth
Saliva is a very important part of oral health. The gums are seriously attacked by bacteria without sufficient secretion. Long-term dry mouth often leads to the development of gingivitis in pregnant women. The gums swell, ache and bleed. Often there are inflammation, suppuration, and ulcerative lesions on the gums and cheeks. Stomatitis and other health problems of the oral mucosa may appear.
Problems with digestion
It is difficult for a woman to chew food with severe and prolonged dryness in the oral cavity. She starts to swallow it in large chunks. This increases the load on the digestive organs. Saliva plays a very important role in the primary breakdown of food in the digestive chain.
Rough food immediately enters the stomach in the absence of good salivation, which can provoke the opening of an ulcer, exacerbation of gastritis, increased acidity, and strong gas formation.
Constant discomfort and stress
Any unpleasant symptoms cause irritability in a pregnant woman. The level of the hormone cortisol rises. It affects the health of the fetus and can cause disruptions in the development of the baby inside the womb. A woman with prolonged dryness experiences stresses that must be eliminated immediately.
What is not recommended for dry mouth?
Prohibitions in actions with a lack of saliva are closely related to the timing of the onset of symptoms. Specific taboos in this case will be due to the likely causes and consequences of self-elimination of discomfort. What not to do with dry mouth:
Brush your teeth with aggressive toothpaste
Give preference to hygiene products with neutral flavors without mint and menthol. Excessive exposure to the mucous membrane can adversely affect the condition of the gums and teeth.
It is perfectly acceptable for a pregnant woman to drink up to 2 liters of water per day if the symptom accompanies the first trimester. Such an amount can lead to severe swelling and health problems in the third trimester, which will directly affect the baby.
Food with a lack of saliva should be neutral in acidity. It is not recommended to eat a lot of salty, spicy, or sweet. Give preference to food without strong tastes. Do not eat very hot food and drinks. Remove coffee and concentrated juices.
Do not treat rhinitis
Pregnant women often suffer from nose diseases. They are sometimes justified by a jump in hormones. Edema is difficult to eliminate, but you need to use means to facilitate breathing. A dry mouth will only get worse otherwise.
Ignore the symptom
Dryness is most often short-term and does not cause concern in the first trimester. You should be aware that this condition is not normal in the third trimester. It can signal the development of gestational diabetes. Do not ignore long-term dry mouth and consult a doctor immediately.
Is decreased salivation dangerous during pregnancy?
You should know that pregnancy is not the cause of dry mouth. This is always a consequence of specific hormonal or other internal disorders. A symptom will not affect your child’s health in any way if it comes and goes after a while.
Long-term persistence of dryness in the oral cavity may indicate persistent dehydration. Such a diagnosis will be made exclusively by a doctor. Let him know about your condition immediately. The danger in insufficient moistening of the oral cavity lies only in its persistent preservation throughout pregnancy or at the end of the gestation period.
How to deal with the dry mouth during pregnancy?
Measures to combat insufficient moisture in the oral mucosa are the opposite of prohibitions with such symptoms. There are several most effective ways to eliminate the manifestation of xerostomia in pregnant women:
This method is valid only in the first trimester of pregnancy when there is no swelling. A pregnant woman is recommended to drink at least 1.5 -2 liters of pure water per day to restore the balance of water in the body. The amount of fluid intake decreases in the third trimester. Symptoms can be relieved by simply rinsing the mouth with clean water.
It is recommended to use it regularly during pregnancy. The humidifier provides a sufficient level of moisture in the room, having a good effect on the mucous membranes and preventing the spread of viruses. The nasal passages will be cleaner and a woman in position will breathe less through her nose.
Remove from the diet all heavily salted, peppered, and sweet. Do not drink carbonated drinks, juices with pulp, strong teas, and coffee. Eat fractionally, correctly, and rationally. Do not create a contrast between hot and cold food.
Don’t forget to brush your teeth regularly and floss. Prefer herbal toothpaste without a pungent taste. Use a rinse aid with a neutral level of acidity. If there are gum problems, treat them promptly.
Lollipops and chewing gums
Induce saliva production with fruit-flavored chewing gums. You can use candies that are not too sweet and not sour. They should stimulate the secretion of saliva and not irritate the mucosa.
Fresh vegetables and fruits
Unheated fruits and vegetables contain large amounts of water and beneficial enzymes. They are easier to digest with a lack of saliva and are rich in living vitamins. Low salivation is often associated with a lack of magnesium, sodium, and other micronutrients that fruits and vegetables can make up for.
Can dry mouth be normal?
A dry mouth during pregnancy from a medical point of view is quite obvious. A woman experiences a serious fluid deficiency during the gestation period. The amount of blood in the vessels increases and the flow of water in the body increases. The energy consumption of a pregnant woman is much higher than that of a non-pregnant woman. This also provokes the loss of a large amount of fluid.
Early pregnancy directly stimulates fluid loss. Symptoms such as vomiting, intense sweating, frequent urination, and diarrhea are observed during the period of toxicosis. All these processes invariably lead to the loss of water balance, which must be replenished in time.
It is not the norm if dry mouth is accompanied by more serious and irreversible processes. For example, if strong inflammatory foci appear in the oral cavity or metabolic disorders. The too-long persistence of the symptom is not normal.