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Importance of Magnesium During Pregnancy

Pregnancy becomes a quivering and responsible period in a woman’s life. It is necessary to receive all the vitamins, minerals, and important substances for the child to grow and develop properly. Many women complain of increased fatigue from the first trimester of pregnancy.

Magnesium allows the expectant mother to remain cheerful, and calm and helps the embryo receive nutrients. The component takes part in more than three hundred biochemical operations in the mother’s body.

The high demand for the mineral to maintain the functioning of internal organs contributes to the formation of its deficiency. Mom should adjust her diet in such a way that every day she receives a magnesium norm. Supplements can fill the deficiency of the mineral. It is necessary to consult with an obstetrician-gynecologist before taking supplements.

Acceptable limits of Magnesium in the Body

Adults need to get 310-350 mg of magnesium per day from food. It is necessary to increase the daily dose of micronutrient intake during pregnancy.

The age of the woman also matters. Pregnant women under the age of 18 need an average of 400 mg per day. For women aged 19 to 30, it is enough to consume 350 mg per day. Expectant mothers over 31 should take up to 360 mg of magnesium per day with food.

The need to increase the dose of the microelement is associated with an increase in the volume of the woman’s blood, the growth of the uterus and placenta, an increase in the level of estrogen, and the development of the fetus. Magnesium intake should remain high while breastfeeding (approximately 330 mg).

What foods contain magnesium?

You can get enough magnesium from food. There is no shortage of products containing trace elements. It is important to balance the diet in such a way that you consume the norm of magnesium per day. Most of the substances contain cereals, legumes, green vegetables, fruits, and seaweed.

A large concentration of magnesium is found in cocoa beans (natural dark chocolate). Dried fruits, fresh bananas, and all kinds of nuts will help replenish magnesium. The magnesium content in a variety of foods allows you to eat tasty and healthy.

Trace elements are partially destroyed during heat treatment of products. To preserve magnesium, it is recommended to bake vegetables, cook them on the grill, and eat them in fresh salads.

Amount of Magnesium in Common Foods per 1 LB:

Bran2650 mg
Watermelon Seeds2400 mg
Brazilian Nuts1680 mg
Black Chocolate1470 mg
Seaweed870 mg
Black Beans720 mg
Brown Rice705 mg
Lentils390 mg
Spinach355 mg
Bananas120 mg

How to find out your magnesium level

Magnesium is one of the extremely important trace elements on which the activity and vigor of a person depend. Most of the substance is found in the bones, muscles, and liver. Magnesium is excreted from the body by the kidneys along with urine. It is almost impossible to get an excess of a substance by consuming an element with food: the kidneys effectively get rid of it.

The level of magnesium in the blood is determined during a blood test. An analysis to determine the level of magnesium in the blood of a pregnant woman is prescribed by a gynecologist. The indicators are complaints of loss of appetite, loss of strength, muscle cramps, and twitching of the eyelids. Lack of magnesium can cause dizziness and unreasonable fears.

In the case of a small deficiency, the body works in such a way that it retains magnesium in the kidneys for a short time. A small percentage of the element is found in the blood. The norm is the content of a substance in the blood in the range of 0.66-1.07 mol / l.

What is the function of magnesium in the body?

Magnesium is a vital component for the functioning of the body. A person would not be able to absorb useful substances without getting this mineral. Magnesium interacts with other vitamins and proteins. It helps the body synthesize them. The presence of magnesium in the human body allows important processes to take place.

  • Produces adenosine triphosphate. This substance helps cells receive energy.
  • Responsible for the metabolism of vitamins B and C. The body cannot fully absorb these substances without magnesium.
  • It reacts with calcium, which affects the proper growth of bones and helps to reduce pain in the joints.
  • Regulates muscle tone, is responsible for their relaxation, normalizes heart rate, and relieves convulsions.
  • Maintains the strength of blood vessels, and lowers blood pressure.
  • Interacts with insulin to regulate blood glucose levels.

Getting enough magnesium is essential for expectant mothers. The micronutrient takes part in the formation of the placenta and regulates the tone of the uterus. It prevents the development of uterine hypertonicity, which increases the risk of miscarriage.

The substance is necessary for the formation of the protein structures of the embryo and its nervous system. Magnesium helps relieve toxicosis. All this shows the importance of magnesium during pregnancy.

What does the lack of magnesium in the body lead to?

Pregnant women should receive magnesium in full. The lack of a micronutrient is fraught with uterine tone and contractions (carries a risk of pregnancy failure in the first weeks). Acute deficiency of the element can lead to a delay in the development of the child. A woman should inform her gynecologist about the following symptoms of magnesium deficiency:

Hair loss and brittle nails – Calcium is not absorbed in the body without magnesium.

Prostration Often pregnant women complain of “fog” and “midges” before their eyes and constant fatigue.

Sleep disturbance A woman can be tormented by nightmares and an eight-hour sleep does not bring cheerfulness.

The occurrence of constipation – The element is important for the proper functioning of the stomach and intestines.

Pain in the joints and spasms in the legs – There may be a pain in the muscles.

High blood pressure Magnesium acts as a natural calcium channel blocker and is involved in the regulation of blood pressure.

Migraine – The deficiency of the substance provokes headaches and sensitivity to light.

The way a person lives most of all affects the lack of magnesium in the body. The level of the substance decreases sharply with the abuse of alcohol, drugs, and smoking. At risk are people suffering from chronic diseases: type 2 diabetes, celiac disease, and Crohn’s disease.

Pros and cons of taking a magnesium supplement

Doctors recommend adjusting nutrition to obtain the required magnesium norm at the stage of pregnancy planning. It is necessary to maintain its content in the body throughout the entire period of pregnancy and breastfeeding. It is impossible to attribute a vitamin complex to yourself. A gynecologist can prescribe it based on tests.

Benefits of Taking Magnesium Supplements During Pregnancy

Supplementing magnesium during pregnancy can eliminate the risk of miscarriage by over 60%. The required daily dose of the substance reduces the likelihood of a child’s developmental delay by 50%. Magnesium must be taken in combination with vitamin B6.

Complex additives are designed in such a way that each component complements the other. Taking vitamins allows residents of cities with poor ecology to maintain health. Taking magnesium will help women feel active throughout their pregnancy.

Disadvantages of Taking Magnesium as a Supplement

Taking vitamin complexes without a doctor’s recommendation sometimes leads to an overabundance of the substance in the body. High doses of magnesium from supplements are not life-threatening but sometimes cause nausea, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea.

Magnesium in supplements can interact with certain types of medications. Women do not always need a supplement in the last trimester of pregnancy. Magnesium contributes to fetal weight gain. The term for taking vitamin complexes should be agreed upon with an obstetrician-gynecologist.

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