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Throwing up Blood While Pregnant

There are symptoms during pregnancy that are normal and those that require immediate medical attention. Vomiting is an acceptable manifestation of toxicosis in early pregnancy. This symptom is considered quite obvious in the first trimester. Such a manifestation is atypical and abnormal at the end of gestation.

The help of a doctor is needed when vomiting is too frequent, does not correspond to the usual terms of toxicosis, and is accompanied by the release of blood.

The main causes of throwing up blood while pregnant

Vomiting does not cause anxiety in pregnant women. When one day a pregnant woman sees that the color of the substance that comes out of the esophagus is changing, then panic appears. The vomit may acquire a brownish color with a long and severe course of toxicosis. Sometimes the tint turns red. Blots of blood are visible or blood appears after vomiting.

Gingivitis of pregnant women

The gum tissue softens during childbearing. They weaken and bleed profusely with every touch or other intense impact. Vomiting during the period of toxicosis can provoke bleeding of the gums. Blood enters the woman’s field of vision in the process of pouring out vomit. This cause of throwing up blood while pregnant is the most harmless and easily corrected.


The pressure on the vessels of the nose increases with vomiting. They can burst and blood flows into the nasal cavity. Sometimes such a tear occurs deep inside the nose and blood flows down the back of the throat. This process can provoke vomiting and it will be a bright red venous color.

Damage to the mucous membrane of the mouth or throat

Too frequent and active vomiting can irritate the mucosa. Acidic vomit and its intensity damage the surface of the skin membrane causing the appearance of blood clots. This often happens after severe heartburn. The acidic environment corrodes the mucous membrane, forming crusts from the blood. The crusts break off when vomiting causes local bleeding.

Rupture of the esophagus

A more serious cause of blood in the vomit is a ruptured esophageal tube. This happens much less often. The cause is high pressure inside the stomach and esophagus. It occurs with very frequent and severe vomiting. Rupture of the esophagus can occur due to bulimia, high blood pressure, low platelets, persistent severe coughing, and stomach infections.

There will be a lot of blood if the esophagus ruptures. It is bright red and abundant. Concomitant symptoms: dizziness, severe weakness, shortness of breath, pain, pallor of the skin.

Gastric ulcer

You can see bright red blood in the vomit. It will not be plentiful but very noticeable. This often accompanies vomiting in women with stomach problems. Peptic ulcer causes erosion on the walls of the stomach. They bleed and heal poorly, and regular vomiting makes it impossible to heal these wounds. A stomach ulcer increases nausea, is accompanied by pain and vomit changes its color due to blood.

Malignant diseases

The rarest and most scary cause of blood in vomit can be tumors. They cause internal bleeding, the source of which is difficult to determine immediately. An immediate thorough examination is required. Malignant tumors in such situations occur in the digestive organs and associated tracts (esophagus, throat, oral cavity).

Why is vomiting blood dangerous during pregnancy?

There is likely no cause for concern if the amount of blood is small and occurs infrequently, but it is worth seeking the advice of a doctor. He will assess the complexity and seriousness of the situation and give professional advice.

The danger of blood in the vomit will be associated with the health of the expectant mother. You need to understand that if there is bleeding, then somewhere there is an open wound. This may indicate problems with blood clotting, very reduced immunity, or a constant irritant.

An open wound is vulnerable to infections. You can get blood poisoning if you do not take action in time. The presence of blood masses during vomiting may indicate internal bleeding. This is extremely dangerous for the health and life of a pregnant woman.

The causes of blood in the vomit are not always so harmless. It is better to recognize a serious illness promptly to start treatment as early as possible.

Is vomiting blood a sign of a miscarriage?

The presence of blood in the vomit is not a sign of a miscarriage or threatened pregnancy. You should be alert if other symptoms accompany such anomalies. Be vigilant and call your doctor if you notice:

  • Severe pain and spasms of the stomach before, during, or after vomiting blood
  • Back pain, headaches
  • Sharp or dull pain in the abdomen
  • Blood discharge from the vagina during vomiting
  • Fainting state of weakness or fainting
  • Paleness of the skin and loss of adequacy

The above symptoms may indicate a threat to you and the child.

At what stage of pregnancy can vomiting with blood occur?

Vomiting as a symptom of pregnancy may appear in the first trimester. Normal is toxic symptoms from 8 to 16 weeks of pregnancy. At this time, the blood in the vomit is less common. It all depends on the health of the expectant mother.

This indicates the development of preeclampsia if nausea and severe vomiting appear in the third trimester. This condition is already considered a complication of pregnancy because it is not typical for normal gestation.

Gestosis vomiting and nausea may appear as early as the 20th week, but most often after the 27th. Vomiting will be accompanied by a change in color and the appearance of blood with severe symptoms. Abnormally frequent vomiting always complicates the pregnancy. It is better to think about hospitalization and a thorough examination.

Types of blood in vomit

It is necessary to assess what kind of blood is observed to take self-help measures for vomiting with blood as soon as possible. The cause of such symptoms is not toxicosis. The immunity of a woman is greatly weakened in the last stages of gestation, which increases the risk of developing many new diseases and the awakening of previously healed ones.

You need to be able to correctly describe the blood that has appeared in the vomit so that it is easier for doctors to take emergency measures. Consider the options for such blood:

Scarlet blood in small quantitiesIf there is not much blood, it is focal, without clots and dark color, this is most likely not the most dangerous reason. Such blood may be due to a broken capillary in the nose or bleeding from the gums. The source of such blood is small wounds. The help of a doctor may not be required in such a situation.

Scarlet and abundant bloodSuch blood originates in the esophagus and not in the stomach. A clot of vomit most likely touched a vessel in the esophagus or throat. Perhaps a serious injury has occurred or a healed wound has opened if the blood is pouring heavily and stains the entire vomit.

Dark bloodThis blood is more like coffee grounds. It flows directly from the stomach. Perhaps the bleeding occurred 2 hours ago and the blood had time to change its color. The cause may be ulcers, tumors, or trauma.

Blood in vomit and fecesThe causes of such blood can be extremely serious. The intestines may be damaged if you notice enough blood in your vomit and stool. The blood is scarlet and not brown. You need to urgently call an ambulance.

Blood after injuryA possible cause may be a rupture of an internal organ if the blood in the vomit appeared after a fall or a strong blow. Most often it is the lung, trachea, or esophagus. The most harmless is a knocked-out tooth.

Bloody foamThis type of blood is much rarer. The cause is pulmonary hemorrhage. It occurs against the background of chronic diseases and lung ruptures with a strong cough.

Atypical causes of vomiting blood in pregnant women

We have looked at the main and most obvious causes of hematemesis. There are also rare and atypical causes that occur in pregnant women. Here are some examples of such reasons:

AlcoholVomiting blood is common in those who abuse alcohol. This is due to a strong expansion and weakness of the vessels that cannot withstand pressure and burst inside. You should not drink alcohol during pregnancy. A woman may vomit with blood on an ongoing basis if dependence is observed.

MedicinesExposure to certain medications can cause blood the vomit. This can lead to the use of anticoagulants, hormones, and salicylates. You should consult your doctor before taking any medication.

Hemophilia – This is a fairly rare hereditary disease associated with a violation of blood clotting. Blood can go for a long time and not stop with such a disease. It will be abundant and frequent.

Other diseasesBlood in vomit and feces can be with syphilis, cirrhosis of the liver, oncology, and advanced tuberculosis. Such diseases are extremely rare. The reason is usually the socially low standard of living, which in itself is a risk zone for pregnancy.

What to do if there is blood in the vomit of a pregnant woman?

Do not panic. Wait a little time and evaluate the situation: does the blood flow randomly or appears only with vomiting? There are severe pains and where are they. Seek immediate medical attention if blood is profuse and vomiting is frequent. Make sure your gums don’t bleed. Contact your dentist if they are the cause.

Visit a gastroenterologist for pain in the esophagus or stomach. He will listen to complaints and prescribe the necessary examination. The doctor will examine the esophagus and stomach, identifying the source of bleeding – an ulcer, a rupture of the esophagus, a hernia, a tumor, etc.

An additional examination may be prescribed in the absence of obvious typical causes of bleeding: ultrasound, MRI, blood tests, oxygen readings, and even x-rays. Do not drink drugs to accelerate blood clotting. Drink a glass of water and lie down in bed until the doctor arrives.

Treatment of blood in vomit during pregnancy

What will be the treatment of blood in vomiting in pregnant women depends on the cause of its appearance. These can be conservative methods, medications, and even surgery.

Drug treatment is prescribed for serious diseases of the stomach. An ulcer is difficult to treat with profuse vomiting. Your doctor may prescribe medications to relieve vomiting. Therapy will include: stopping vomiting, prescribing a strict diet, B vitamins, medications for healing ulcers, and so on.

Taking medication during pregnancy is assessed according to the degree of risk to the mother and child. Be sure to be assigned a diet for rupture of the esophagus. Surgery may be needed in severe situations.

Treatment is not required if the blood in the vomit is not abundant and irregular. These symptoms go away on their own. There are no natural and home remedies for dealing with blood. The main thing is to identify the cause and eliminate it.

Prevention of blood in vomit

Minimize the risk of developing abnormalities during pregnancy. Use several tips so that there is no blood in the vomit and severe bleeding:

  • Stick to proper nutrition (eat fractionally, do not pass);
  • Watch the pressure;
  • Avoid excess weight;
  • Drink prenatal vitamins;
  • Support the body with physical activity;
  • Get enough sleep and don’t be nervous;
  • Take care of the vessels (temper, swim, walk more and drink clean water);

Take care of your oral cavity (regular professional teeth cleanings, floss, rinse, drink vitamin C).

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