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Bleeding Gums in Pregnancy

Bleeding gums during pregnancy is a consequence of hormonal changes. Tissues soften under the influence of progesterone and estrogen. The gums become loose, soft, and inflamed. They bleed and often swell. This causes the appearance of gingivitis in pregnant women.

Maintaining proper oral hygiene with inflamed and swollen gums is much more difficult. Brushing your teeth becomes painful and unpleasant. You can stop daily care only in a very extreme case. The development of bacteria in the presence of bleeding is enormous.

When Does Bleeding of Gums Start in Pregnancy?

This unpleasant symptom manifests itself at the beginning and the end of the second trimester. It occurs under the influence of hormones that change the nature of tissues and the composition of saliva. A lot of plaque is formed at these times, which is the determining factor in the bleeding and swelling of the gums. The trigger for the development of gingivitis during pregnancy begins with poor oral hygiene.


Swollen and bleeding gums are seen in pregnant women at 15 and 23 weeks. Gum health will be restored if the situation is immediately taken under control, visit a dentist, and undergo treatment.

Gingivitis may develop when the situation is neglected and hygiene standards are not observed and are treated for a long time. Swelling and bleeding will drag on for several weeks in such a situation.

Bleeding Gums weeks of pregnancy

When will it end?

Bleeding and swelling of the gums disappear by the beginning of the third trimester with mild symptoms and timely therapeutic support. This happens after the 23rd week. The symptom should completely disappear by about the 27th week of pregnancy.

The further situation will be in the hands of the pregnant woman herself. Good regular brushing, proper nutrition, and immune support are the best helpers for gum health.

How Does it Feel?

The first sensations begin with the sensitivity of the teeth and soft tissues. They are sensitive to hot, cold, sour, sweet, and salty foods. There is a feeling of irritation and pinching. Eating becomes unpleasant. There is spontaneous bruising and sometimes a feeling of itching. The manifestation of a symptom depends on the severity of the sensations experienced.


The symptom is expressed by severe swelling in combination with bleeding and soreness of the gums. There is a decrease in the height of the gums below the enamel border. A woman completely stops eating solid food because it causes her great discomfort.


The gums bleed locally to a mild degree, mainly after flossing or hard brushing. The swelling is minor and not widespread. The symptom is easily removed by professional teeth cleaning followed by restorative therapy.

It is necessary to find out the exact cause of the symptom before treating bleeding and swelling of the gums.

Prevention methods

First of all, gum bleeding and swelling can be prevented by good oral hygiene. This is the main preventive measure that helps to avoid the development of caries, the appearance of plaque, and tartar. Let us consider in more detail some types of prevention of bleeding gums:

Regular dental checkup

Once a year it is recommended to check with the dentist even if there is no reason for this. Caries may be in visual inaccessibility. Get all teeth cleaned before pregnancy. Every six months you need to do professional cleaning of your teeth. It will remove plaque and remove tartar. These are the main factors that cause bleeding gums.

Rich diet

Try to eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, herbs, and berries. Enrich your diet with nutrients and foods rich in vitamin C. A well-chosen diet can eliminate most gum health problems. Eat a healthy diet regularly throughout your pregnancy.

Avoid mechanical damage to the gums

Try not to damage your gums when eating. Do not chew on nuts, seeds in their shells, crackers, and other hard, aggressive foods. Any mechanical damage to the gums can cause an inflammatory process. It will spread very quickly to the rest of the gums.

Why Bleeding of Gums Occur in Pregnancy?

The gums swell and bleed for internal hormonal reasons. This is a consequence of the influence of progesterone, which makes the tissues looser and softer. Saliva changes enzymatically, which leads to the appearance of plaque and the formation of tartar. This causes bleeding and swelling.

A common cause of inflammation of the gums and their bleeding during the gestation period is reduced immunity. It does not cope with the pathogenic microflora that forms in the gaps between the teeth. This causes an increase in its volume and destruction of the gums.

Vitamin deficiency is another cause of bleeding. Experiencing a deficiency of vitamin C, bleeding and weakness of the gums manifest themselves very strongly. They become loose, painful, and swollen.


Various means of medical, hygienic, and therapeutic help are used to correct already existing negative symptoms: It is better to use an integrated approach if the problem is serious. All methods of protection must be agreed with your dentist. Treatment proceeds under his control. Consider the main remedies that help with bleeding and swelling of the gums:

Dental floss

Flossing easily removes food debris between teeth and helps improve oral hygiene. The tool works well in a complex of measures to combat bleeding and as a preventive method. You can floss your teeth anywhere after eating. You can use an herbal mouthwash if your gums bleed a lot.


The dentist will prescribe maintenance vitamin therapy for severe bleeding and swelling. He can prescribe a course of vitamin C in combination with other multivitamins. This remedy copes well with mild symptoms of bleeding and swelling. It also works well as part of measures to control the progression of symptoms.


Medicines are needed if the symptom of bleeding has passed into a serious advanced stage with severe swelling and soreness. The doctor conducts an examination and prescribes special gels. Sometimes an antibiotic is required. Such a decision can only be made by a doctor adequately assessing all the risks.


You should consult a doctor if the symptom is not local. It is especially dangerous when the gums begin to sink. This suggests that the disease has begun and is not a functional or hormonal disorder. You need to go to the doctor if the gums change a lot visually. For example, they become bright red, with a bluish tinge, have a white coating with an unpleasant odor, or the gums are markedly loose.

What Not to Do

Do not neglect the help of a dentist with a symptom of bleeding gums. You may have to visit more than just this doctor if the situation becomes critical. Delaying a visit to the dentist can lead to a worsening of the problem and the need for the help of other doctors. Our recommendations on what not to do if you have bleeding and swollen gums:

Irritate the mouth

Do not eat sour, highly salty, peppery, and sweet foods. Try not to create contrast by drinking cold water immediately after hot water or vice versa.

Use a hard brush

A hard brush mechanically injures the gums, causing inflammation and bleeding. The bristles of such a brush are designed only for healthy gums and teeth with dense enamel.

Take oral antibiotics

A doctor may prescribe an antibiotic in a severe situation, but oral antibiotics should not be taken without a doctor’s recommendation. This will reflect badly on the child.

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