Pregnancy can be planned or unexpected. You need to do a rapid pregnancy test to avoid baseless joy or unnecessary stress. This is a proven and reliable way to determine the condition of a woman at home. The result can be obtained in a matter of minutes.
Manufacturers offer tests that have a minimum error. The principle of their action is the same: determining the level of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the urine. The level of hCG is called the first hormone of pregnancy. It is secreted by the villi of the embryo after the attachment of a fertilized egg to the wall of the uterus.
The test may show an incorrect result in some cases. The reasons for an erroneous test result can be different – from a technical malfunction of an express test to serious gynecological pathologies. Obstetrician gynecologists strongly recommend not to be limited only to a rapid test at home. It is better to consult a gynecologist, he will accurately determine the condition of a woman.
When should you take a pregnancy test?
A rapid test is a quick and inexpensive way to determine a woman’s condition. HCG is not released until the zygote has attached to the walls of the uterus. Gynecologists recommend doing a pregnancy test on the first day of a missed period.
There are tests on the market that can determine the presence of a hormone 4-5 days after conception. The test is best done one and a half weeks after fertilization. The level of hCG in the blood rises and the woman’s condition can be more accurately determined. Doing a test before the tenth day of pregnancy is not advisable.
The test is best done at least 21 days after the last unprotected intercourse if menstruation is irregular. A woman needs to monitor her cycle and well-being so as not to get confused about the dates. It is also necessary to have basic knowledge of how the egg is fertilized.
When is a pregnancy test false?
A pregnancy test may not always show a reliable result. There are many cases where there are pregnancy symptoms and the test is negative. Nausea in the morning, fatigue, drowsiness, mood swings, delayed menstruation, dizziness, and breast pain may indicate not only pregnancy. The reasons for this phenomenon are quite different.
Incorrect use of the test
Often a woman wants to find out as soon as possible whether she is pregnant or not. Quickly opens the test and does not read the instructions. As a result – gets the wrong result. First, you need to check the expiration date of the test, carefully read the instructions, and only then open it.
Pregnancy tests are best bought at a pharmacy. You can get an incorrect result if you do not follow the instructions for use. This is especially true for test strips, which are very easy to overexpose or not withstand. Another important nuance is that the test should be done in the morning when the level of the hormone in the urine is the highest.
You can repeat the procedure after 3-4 days if the result is in doubt. You can buy several tests from different manufacturers.
Many women experience late ovulation and the timing of ovulation shifts closer to menstruation. Late ovulation is considered if the cycle lasts 30 days and the maturation of the egg occurs on the 22-23rd day.
Symptoms are very similar to pregnancy: weakness, nausea, and drowsiness. There may be increased sensitivity of the mammary glands and mild pain in the lower abdomen. The woman believes that ovulation has passed within the cycle, takes a test, and receives one strip.
The reasons for late ovulation are very different: severe stress, thyroid disease, the use of antidepressants or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, excessive exercise, and climate change. Breastfeeding is often the cause of late ovulation. The hormone prolactin responsible for milk production blocks ovulation.
Kidney and gynecological diseases
Various kidney diseases can lower hCG levels. The test will show a negative result even if pregnancy has occurred. A negative rapid test and a delay in menstruation may indicate various gynecological diseases. Pain in the lower back and lower abdomen may occur in some cases.
Such symptoms also indicate intrauterine synechia arising from inflammatory processes or after a medical abortion. The risk of miscarriage increases with this diagnosis.
Long-term use of hormonal contraceptives causes ovarian dysfunction. As a result – the absence of menstruation. It is better to consult a gynecologist if you need to choose the right oral contraceptives and determine the optimal dosage regimen.
Pregnancy fades in the early stages
The test will be negative if the pregnancy froze in the early stages. The reason is simple – the level of hCG in the body drops and the test shows one strip. Pregnancy fading is difficult to diagnose in the early stages. The test is not the only diagnostic method.
It is better to consult a gynecologist and conduct an ultrasound examination and a blood test from a vein for hCG. You can find out the exact diagnosis based on the results of these studies. An informative method is the ultrasound of the uterus. The procedure will help to accurately determine whether the fetus has frozen or not and determine the cause of this phenomenon.
Feeling worse, pain in the lower abdomen, bloody discharge, fever – all these alarm signals should not be ignored.
Lots of water in the urine
Urine becomes less concentrated and the total content of hCG decreases if a woman drank a lot of liquid 4-5 hours before the test. This affects the test result. It can be negative even if the woman is pregnant.
It is necessary to collect urine immediately before the diagnosis to obtain an accurate result. You should not drink a lot of liquid for a few hours before testing. The test must be lowered to a certain limit, as indicated in the instructions. It is important to remove the test in time and wait for the results. All these nuances should be taken into account if you want to get the most accurate result.
False positive feelings
The desire to get pregnant and become a mother in some women turns into a fixed idea. The symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are regarded as signs of pregnancy, and the day of the missed period is regarded as the final proof in favor of the imaginary position. The reason is simple: a woman is simply obsessed with the idea of getting pregnant.
The test will be negative, but the subconscious can in a certain way affect certain changes in the body: abdominal pain, swelling of the mammary glands, nausea. All this is the result of self-hypnosis.
The test may be negative if the results are checked very quickly. Usually, the waiting time is 1-2 minutes because the antibodies need time to detect the hCG hormone and show the result. No need to rush, but follow the instructions to get the exact result.
Why is a false pregnancy dangerous?
False pregnancy is a psycho-physiological disorder based on the erroneous belief of a woman that she is pregnant. A woman may have a delay in menstruation, engorgement of the mammary glands, an increase in the abdomen, and a feeling of weakness. The cause of changes in the body is hormonal imbalance and not pregnancy.
A woman concludes that she will soon become a mother based on signs that resemble pregnancy. Even a negative pregnancy test or the result of an ultrasound diagnosis cannot convince her otherwise.
False pregnancy syndrome is not yet fully understood. Experts believe that psychological and emotional factors can provoke endocrine and somatic disorders. This condition is experienced by women who want to get pregnant but cannot.
Should I be concerned about delayed periods?
The duration of the menstrual cycle is from 21 to 35 days. The time of ovulation can vary because the female body is very sensitive to various changes.
You need to sound the alarm if the delay is 7 days and the pregnancy test is negative. It is necessary to consult a doctor and undergo a complete examination in this case. The woman’s well-being may worsen. There may be breast discomfort and abdominal pain. The exact cause of this condition can be determined by a gynecologist.
Permanent delays in menstruation can occur due to hormonal imbalance, chronic stress, overweight, or gynecological pathologies. The absence of menstruation is a sign of pathology of the organs of the reproductive or endocrine systems. Improper treatment can lead to infertility and even uterine cancer.
What to do with a delay in menstruation?
Delay of menstruation 1-2 days is not critical. A visit to a gynecologist should not be postponed in case of a delay in menstruation for seven days or more and with a negative pregnancy test. This should also be done in the case when there are short but constant delays in menstruation. They indicate a hormonal imbalance in the body.
Violations of the menstrual cycle can affect the general well-being of a woman: the stomach and head hurt, and the nature of the discharge may change. There is nausea and drowsiness in some cases.
The doctor will conduct an examination and prescribe additional examinations, if necessary (general and biochemical blood tests, ultrasound of the pelvic organs). You should consult an endocrinologist if a violation of the endocrine system is detected.
Features of the treatment of menstrual irregularities depend on the causes and the presence of symptoms. Gynecologists prescribe hormonal drugs to normalize menstruation.
Prevention of menstrual irregularities
Delayed menstruation is a symptom or a consequence of certain processes in the body. It is very important to find the cause of menstrual irregularities – hormonal failure, disease.
You need to visit a gynecologist at least once a year, do not use hormonal emergency contraception, and refuse abortions for prevention. It is equally important to observe the daily routine and avoid overwork and excessive physical exertion, and stressful situations.
You should consult your doctor if you need to take oral contraceptives or hormonal drugs. A balanced diet, timely treatment of all diseases, good sleep, and giving up bad habits – following these simple tips will normalize the menstrual cycle.