Dysgeusia is a form of taste disorder that occurs during pregnancy. Most often this is expressed in a metallic taste in the mouth. It is very stable and affects eating habits that sometimes become extremely unusual. A woman wants to combine strange foods. Sometimes she wants to eat things that are not suitable for food, such as chalk or clay.
Most pregnant women suffer from this symptom. A metallic taste is caused by an increase in the level of hormones: progesterone and estrogen. They change the taste.
When Does Metallic Taste Start in Pregnancy?
Dysgeusia begins in the first trimester of pregnancy. Its manifestation fades away gradually every month. This is due to a decrease in estrogen levels and a general normalization of hormonal levels. The appearance of a metallic taste in the mouth in pregnant women is closely related to the manifestation of symptoms of toxicosis. They appear almost simultaneously.
EXACT WEEKS IT MAY HAPPEN
The first and most mild symptoms of dysgeusia were recorded in the 3rd week of pregnancy. The symptom will be felt until the 12th week if it appears. The closer to this date, the weaker the feeling of a metallic taste in the mouth.
The manifestation of a metallic taste in the mouth occurs in those weeks when there is a high concentration of hCG in the blood.
When will it end?
The feeling of a metallic taste in the mouth disappears after the 12-14th week of pregnancy. It disappears almost completely at this time. This is associated with the completion of toxicosis. Normalization of taste sensations is associated with the restoration of hormonal balance in a woman’s body.
The nutrition of the pregnant woman is normalized along with the disappearance of the metallic taste. This is considered the complete end of the manifestation of the symptom.
How Does it Feel?
The metallic taste will only last for the indicated periods in the absence of digestive problems. It will feel like you’ve drunk rusty water. Sometimes the taste of metal is accompanied by a sense of its smell. This greatly enhances the manifestation of toxicosis and causes vomiting. This symptom manifests itself in varying degrees.
A more pronounced metallic taste will be expressed in women suffering from diseases of the digestive tract. If before pregnancy there were problems with the stomach, liver, and bile, then the metallic taste is felt stronger. It is accompanied by an aversion to the smell of metal, especially when it is heated. A woman feels bitterness or acidity on her tongue.
The metallic taste in a lighter form is felt less strongly. These are distant taste disturbances that are easily resolved after rinsing the mouth or brushing the tongue. Such a mild manifestation of dysgeusia is typical for women with initially successful functioning of the digestive tract. The metallic taste in a mild form disappears more quickly.
Sometimes dysgeusia in the form of a metallic taste accompanies a woman for the entire period of gestation.
It is impossible to completely prevent the development of taste disorders. You can reduce the manifestation of this symptom as much as possible. First of all, this will help control the health of the digestive tract. It is better to treat the liver and stomach before pregnancy. This also applies to the level of female hormones. It is worth getting tested if they jump during PMS. Some preventive ways to deal with metallic taste:
Eliminate problems with teeth and gums
Be sure to have a check-up with a dentist in preparation for pregnancy or its early stages. Remove tartar and plaque, treat cavities and restore healthy gums. Consult on oral hygiene products and let the doctor prescribe the most effective ones.
Eat more fruits and vegetables. Don’t eat junk food. Eat less fried, salty, spicy, and fatty foods. Follow the routine. Don’t skip lunches. This is the best prevention of diseases of the digestive system and failures in taste sensations.
Remove bad habits
Do not drink alcohol. It is bad for liver health. Quit smoking. Nicotine has an extremely negative effect on overall taste sensations. If you stop smoking directly during pregnancy, it can distort the taste sensations.
Why Metallic Taste Occur in Pregnancy?
Dysgeusia and other forms of taste disorders appear due to an increase in hormone levels. The role of estrogen is high, which affects the perception of taste and enjoyment of food. Taste buds react differently to the usual food with a sharp jump in estrogen and progesterone.
Sometimes a metallic taste in the mouth can be caused by taking prenatal vitamins. Such a side effect of vitamin complexes is associated with an incorrect dosage of the components. It is better to immediately select a more suitable complex.
The cause of a persistent metallic taste can be health problems: cholecystitis, hepatitis, gastritis, stomatitis, and so on. Sometimes such a symptom manifests itself with iron deficiency anemia or the presence of parasites in the body. A common cause of bad taste in the mouth is poor hygiene. Brush your teeth regularly, and use dental floss and mouthwash.
You need to monitor your health before pregnancy to reduce the manifestation of a metallic taste in your mouth. It is necessary to resort to effective means of assistance when the problem already exists. They are not always able to eliminate the symptom but can significantly reduce its manifestation. Consider the most effective remedies for metallic taste in the mouth:
Drink sour water
You can use clean, non-mineral water with a slice of lemon. You can drink a glass of water in the morning after brushing your teeth. The acidic environment changes the taste sensation and eliminates the metallic taste in the mouth. This method is suitable for those who do not have problems with high acidity.
Rinse your mouth after eating
The metallic taste in the mouth intensifies when leftover food remains. Try to rinse your mouth after every meal. You can use plain warm water without additional hygiene products. It helps if rinsing is combined with flossing.
Chewing gum with menthol or mint
Saliva works best to eliminate the metallic taste in the mouth. Induce salivation with chewing gum. Use mint or menthol flavors to enhance the effect. Chew one plate or dragee no more than 15 minutes after each meal.
WHEN TO CONTACT A DOCTOR?
A strong metallic taste in the mouth is a very rare case that may indicate the presence of serious diseases: cirrhosis of the liver, hepatitis, and oral cancer. Seek immediate medical attention if severe symptoms accompany dysgeusia.
Among these manifestations may be mouth ulcers (localized on the tongue, cheeks, or gums), yellow skin, severe vomiting, and abdominal pain.
What Not to Do
Do not make mistakes when symptoms of dysgeusia appear. Be sure to inform your doctor about the appearance of such a symptom. Keep a pregnancy diary and indicate the period at which a metallic taste appeared in the oral cavity. Follow the advice of doctors and not the recommendations of the environment. What not to do:
Go on a diet
You cannot impose restrictions on food intake and completely remove any products. Starving and depriving yourself of food is harmful to the fetus and your health.
Use toothpaste that changes the taste
Interrupting the metallic taste with toothpaste that distorts taste sensations is not the best solution to the problem. There may be a side effect – a complete loss of taste.
Abuse foods with bright flavors
Do not try to seize the metallic taste of strongly spicy, salty, sour foods. Frequent consumption of such products will lead to problems with the digestive system.