The skin reflects the state of human health. This organ undergoes many physiological changes during pregnancy: pigmentation, stretch marks, increased sebaceous glands, and vascular problems. Hormones are the source of strong changes in the skin. With the work of protective mechanisms, the structure, and elasticity of the skin change under their action.
The skin during pregnancy visually looks a little worse. Various dermatoses and allergic manifestations may appear. Often there are eczema, dry skin, vascular network, and increased hairline.
When Skin Changes start in Pregnancy?
Skin changes during pregnancy occur when adaptive-protective mechanisms and physiological transformations are triggered. The most striking symptoms of the condition of the skin are observed in the second trimester of pregnancy. The first trimester may be accompanied by the appearance of acne, under the influence of a hormonal surge.
The skin may improve in appearance, becoming more radiant and smooth at the start of the second trimester.
EXACT WEEKS IT MAY HAPPEN
Problems with the skin of the face and body may appear in the first weeks of pregnancy, from about 8 to 16 weeks.
The most noticeable skin changes are observed from the 16th to the 20th week. The mechanisms of regulation of the sebaceous glands under the influence of hormones work.
When will it end?
Noticeable skin changes should stop after the 20th week of pregnancy. Increased pigmentation can remain until the very birth and after them, if it is observed in the third trimester. The end of strong skin changes is associated with the restoration of the adaptability of this organ. The skin adapts to the work of all internal glands and systems.
How Skin Changes Feel during Pregnancy?
Visual changes in the skin do not cause any sensations in a woman. Physiological transformations can give different feelings: itching, dryness, increased fat content, and irritation. Skin changes can be in acute and mild forms:
Various dermatoses appear on the body and face of a woman: herpes, psoriasis, eczema, folliculitis. Acne, urticaria, vascular network, and peeling appear. A woman experiences discomfort: the skin itches a lot, irritations, and sometimes inflammations appear.
Skin changes are mildly expressed mainly by external transformations: pigmentation, the appearance of the hairline, and stretch marks. It doesn’t evoke strong feelings. Sometimes subcutaneous itching may be present.
Then larger the area of damage to the skin, the more serious the reason for such changes!
The tendency to skin problems should be under the constant supervision of a dermatologist. A woman before pregnancy should know her problems. The use of preventive measures in such a situation can only reduce negative changes in the skin. Take advantage of several prevention methods to prevent major changes as much as possible:
The most serious and negative skin problems occur when there is an imbalance of steroid hormones. These are sex hormones and glucocostic steroids. There is seborrhea, increased hair growth, and acne with their excessive synthesis. Take a course of therapy to normalize the synthesis of hormones that provoke skin problems.
Hygiene of the skin surface should not be limited to the face. The whole body needs care. It is necessary to thoroughly clean the surface of the skin to prevent skin problems during the gestation period. It is better to use professional products: foams, scrubs, and micellar water. Skin needs nourishment in winter and moisture in summer. Protect your skin from the sun and mechanical impact.
Internal support is also needed in addition to external skin care. Proper nutrition with a large number of omega acids, vegetable fats, and vitamins C, E, and A is especially important. You can use natural food supplements if necessary: fish oil, fiber, spirulina. Eat foods containing zinc: beans, seafood, eggs, and cheese.
Why Skin Changes Occur in Pregnancy?
Negative manifestations of skin changes occur due to hormonal imbalance: increased synthesis of steroid hormones and a surge in estrogen levels. These hormones cause malfunctions in the protective mechanisms of the skin. They destabilize the work of the sebaceous glands and reduce the elasticity of blood vessels.
Hyperpigmentation on the skin appears due to the high production of melanin. The skin becomes very sensitive to sunlight and darkens in certain areas. Reduced immunity of a pregnant woman provokes the appearance of skin dermatosis. Hypersensitivity during the gestation period causes allergic skin reactions: urticaria, Quincke’s edema, eczema, and atopic dermatitis.
High levels of progesterone cause acne. Malfunctions of the adrenal glands cause numerous skin problems: thinning, acne, and the formation of hematomas. Stretch marks on the skin appear due to a sharp weight gain and ruptures of the skin in areas of greatest tension.
Skin problems that have already appeared should be analyzed by a dermatologist. If these are only visual defects, then they do not require treatment. More serious deformities require correct therapy. The skin protection products used must be safe for the fetus. They can not contain harmful toxic substances and allergens. The main means of protection against skin changes:
This is an effective means of protection against pigmentation and external environmental influences. Use a cream with an SPF of at least 50. This will create a barrier on the skin from UV rays. It is necessary to apply this remedy from the first days of pregnancy, applying half an hour before going outside in the summer.
Special therapeutic ointments are prescribed depending on the problem. They should not be contraindicated during pregnancy. Dermatitis has its specifics and methods of treatment. Preference is given to non-hormonal drugs that can quickly stop the symptom. Treatment can only be prescribed by a doctor after tests and examinations.
Allergic reactions on the skin can appear after a cold, seasonally, and as a cumulative effect. Allergy medications are prescribed with caution. Doctors prefer topical antihistamines, but oral administration is also acceptable. The use of drugs orally should be justified by the complexity of the situation if there is swelling of the skin, extensive lesions, or unbearable itching.
WHEN TO CONTACT A DOCTOR?
You should consult a doctor if there are strong manifestations of negative symptoms: neoplasms on the skin, constant itching, and irritation, and focal skin lesions. Sometimes these changes are accompanied by a change in stool, fever, and swelling.
It is recommended to undergo an examination when the skin becomes covered with hematomas without a logical reason. This may indicate serious problems with the level of platelets.
What Not to Do
It is strictly forbidden to take independent treatment measures. These actions can be harmful if skin changes are of viral, allergic, or infectious origin. You can do nothing with harmless changes. Most of the problems will pass without a trace after childbirth. The main prohibitions for skin problems:
Don’t scratch your skin
Itching is difficult to endure, but scratching can aggravate the situation, and cause severe irritation. Mechanical damage from nails can cause blood poisoning.
Don’t squeeze pimples
If during pregnancy the skin is covered with blackheads – they cannot be squeezed out. You can bring the infection and the treatment will be delayed for many years.
Do not massage
It is prohibited for dermatitis, eczema, an allergic rash, vascular stack, and acne. Increased lymph flow can increase the area of skin lesions.