Vaginal bleeding is a fairly rare symptom that can occur both early and late in pregnancy. It is the result of serious complications or diseases.
It is worth distinguishing bleeding from bleeding. Blood formations are insignificant and short-term during discharge. Bleeding is characterized by greater intensity and duration. They may be accompanied by additional symptoms such as pain, dizziness, weakness, or loss of consciousness. Need urgent medical attention in such a situation.
When Does Vaginal Bleeding Start in Pregnancy?
Bleeding is most often observed in the first and last months of gestation. This is not the norm and requires a thorough examination and hospitalization in any case. The onset of bleeding coincides with the restructuring of the body or pathological changes.
The risk of pregnancy during bleeding is very high. The appearance of bleeding at the beginning of pregnancy can complicate further gestation.
THE EXACT WEEKS IT MAY HAPPEN
Implantation bleeding can occur as early as 4 weeks after conception. It is not dangerous for the child and mother. It should be distinguished from pathological bleeding. They may appear after the 20th week of pregnancy. This is a direct threat of miscarriage. Such bleeding is more abundant and does not stop.
When will it end?
Bleeding that is normal may go away on its own. These types include implantation bleeding. It goes away after 4 weeks. Miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, or placental abruption are serious causes of bleeding. Bleeding in this situation should end after the provision of urgent medical and possibly surgical care. The threat of bleeding may persist up to 39 weeks.
How Does it Feel?
Feelings during bleeding can be different in intensity. It all depends on the causes of this symptom, the characteristics of the woman’s body, and the timely assistance provided. The increased sensitivity of a woman significantly increases the sensations during the period of bleeding.
A woman with vaginal bleeding may experience pain, cramping, pelvic pressure, nausea, and dizziness. A woman will feel bleeding much more clearly and longer if there are problems with blood clotting.
There may be sensations of strong pressure in the pelvic area, dull pain in the back, and sharp pains in the abdomen with serious causes of bleeding. Sometimes there are cramps and uterine contractions. There is weakness, dizziness, and loss of consciousness.
Minor bleeding may not be accompanied by additional symptoms that are caused by fertilization and sexual intercourse. You will feel only abundant discharge from the vagina. There will be blood stains on the underwear.
It is better to consult a doctor for any additional symptoms that accompany bleeding!
Preventive measures always have a positive effect. It is better to take preventive measures right away if you know that you tend to bleed or have health problems. They will help reduce the risk of complications and keep the pregnancy going. A set of measures should be selected by the alleged problem. Bleeding prevention is a common practice in pregnancy management.
Blood test control
It should be carried out before and during pregnancy. It is necessary to take timely measures if there are questions about the number of platelets and blood clotting factors. The risk of bleeding with low platelets is very high. The help of a qualified doctor will ensure proper regulation of indicators and timely hospitalization.
Remove bad habits
This must be done long before pregnancy. Alcohol and smoking cause many complications. You cannot use any prohibited and harmful substances during pregnancy. Limit your contact with people who smoke. Women who smoke have an increased risk of miscarriage and complications. Tobacco provokes placental abruption.
Try to keep your weight within normal limits. Women who are overweight or underweight suffer from bleeding much more often. There is a strong load on the body during the gestation period. It increases with excess weight. With insufficient weight, a woman’s body may not be able to cope with the function of bearing.
Why Does it happen in Pregnancy
There are many reasons for vaginal bleeding. In the early stages, this may be due to the implantation of the embryo in the uterus. Such bleeding is minor and short-lived. More serious causes of bleeding: miscarriage, placental abruption, ectopic pregnancy, premature birth, or trauma.
Miscarriage occurs as a result of the transfer of viral or infectious diseases, severe stress, and serious injury. An ectopic pregnancy can happen to any woman. It is difficult to predict and the reason is the attachment of the embryo outside the body of the uterus.
Placental abruption has several causes: chronic diseases, poor blood clotting, late pregnancy, and multiple pregnancy. Depending on the cause of the bleeding, the consequences will be clear. More serious reasons provoke the loss of a child.
Preventive measures can protect a woman from bleeding. It is worth acting according to the situation if they did not help and the symptom manifested itself. It is imperative to call an ambulance for heavy and unstoppable bleeding. Slight bleeding requires a doctor’s consultation. He decides on the need for hospitalization and possible means of protection:
Drugs that can stop bleeding should not be taken on their own. A doctor’s prescription is required. Such drugs can be dangerous to the health of the child and mother. They are used only in emergency cases when the life of the mother is on the scale.
Prohibition of sexual life
Sex is banned if there is a risk of bleeding. It can provoke severe bleeding and complicate the course of pregnancy. The prohibition of sexual activity can last the entire period of gestation. This happens if a woman already had a similar symptom in a previous pregnancy or if the bleeding was observed in the first trimester.
Strict bed rest is prescribed during bleeding and after it has stopped. A woman in a position is allowed to get up only when necessary. She is usually admitted to the hospital. She can be sent home if there is no threat of miscarriage but under the constant supervision of a doctor.
WHEN TO CONTACT A DOCTOR?
You need to be in constant contact with the doctor who is leading the pregnancy. Contact him if you have symptoms that accompany bleeding. It can be sharp and severe pain, dizziness, nausea, and weakness. It is worth seeking the help of doctors if the bleeding is profuse and does not stop. Blood loss is dangerous for mother and child. Any warning signs should be discussed with your doctor right away.
What Not to Do
Many inexperienced mothers make a large number of mistakes during pregnancy. Some do not know how to act in emergencies at all. There is a serious risk of complications and loss of a child if there is no person nearby who can help. You need to understand what actions can provoke problems and irreversible consequences. Among these actions are the following:
Use of a tampon – Tampons should not be used when bleeding! They can cause toxic shock. Leaving a tampon in the vagina for a long time can lead to a buildup of bacteria that can cause intrauterine infection.
The use of drugs – Hemostatic agents are prescribed only by a doctor. Self-administration of such drugs can adversely affect health and pregnancy. It is dangerous to use many drugs during gestation.
Waiting – With heavy bleeding, you can’t just wait for it to pass. Immediately call an ambulance if there is severe pain, dizziness, or blood flows intensely! This will save your life and the life of the child.