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Vaginal Discharge in Pregnancy

Vaginal discharge may change its consistency, volume, intensity, and frequency after conception. Mucous, slightly white, or clear discharge without a strong odor is considered normal. They should not be accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, itching of the labia and vagina, profuse blood, or a suspicious color.

The body of women changes its hormonal background during pregnancy and this is reflected in the discharge. They cannot be completely absent and are considered a common symptom of pregnant women.

When Does Vaginal Discharge Start in Pregnancy?

Vaginal discharge is observed throughout the entire period of pregnancy from the moment of conception. Only their intensity and visual signs are different. The first noticeable discharge was recorded at the end of the second month of pregnancy. Further, the symptom manifests itself more intensely in the third trimester.

Discharge begins at the moment when the factors provoking them to appear: a surge of hormones, stress, hypothermia, or the presence of diseases.

EXACT WEEKS IT MAY HAPPENĀ 

Vaginal discharge in the first trimester is more active in the 8th and 10th weeks. Mucous discharge begins to increase in the 22nd week.

Abundant vaginal discharge is typical in the third trimester for the interval between the 32nd and 40th weeks of pregnancy. Allocations may indicate the development of thrush with a weakened immune system by the end of the gestation period.

Vaginal Discharge in pregnancy

When will it end?

Active secretion of mucus from the vagina stops after the 10th week of pregnancy. Then symptoms of increased secretions may appear periodically. They disappear after the 22nd week and occur at the end of pregnancy. The microflora of the vagina is finally restored after childbirth, returning to the usual rhythm of the production of mucus and secretions.

How Does it Feel?

Feelings with normal vaginal discharge should not be negative. A woman feels increased humidity in the area of the labia, she notices plaque on the panty liner or underwear. This is the limit of possible feelings during the normal work of the vaginal microflora during the gestation period.

Acute

Vaginal discharge is more abundant, mucous, with streaks of white lumps with increased symptoms. There may be blotches of blood in the first weeks of pregnancy. Sometimes a woman may feel a slight heaviness in the lower abdomen.

Mild

Allocations to a mild degree do not attract the attention of a woman. They are almost no different from the usual secretions that were before pregnancy. There is no increased abundance and an unpleasant smell.

Vaginal discharge is a marker of the state of microflora and an indicator of a woman’s immunity during pregnancy.

Prevention methods

It is worth having a gynecological examination beforehand to reduce the risk of unhealthy vaginal discharge during pregnancy. It is better to do this at the stage of preparation for conception. Examinations include passing certain tests, laboratory tests of a smear, and checking on a gynecological chair. Consider the main measures for the prevention of vaginal discharge:

Get tested for STDs

This is a mandatory procedure that is done before conception or already in the first stages of pregnancy. Tests help to identify the presence of diseases and reduce the risk of miscarriage. Symptoms are observed in the form of unpleasant secretions of a denser consistency and a pungent odor in case of sexually transmitted diseases.

Ultrasound

Be sure to undergo a routine ultrasound examination. It is necessary to identify the state of the endometrium of the uterus, and the presence or absence of polyps, or other neoplasms, to exclude fibroids and other pathologies of the genital organs. The result of the ultrasound will help narrow down the possible causes of heavy discharge. This will make solving the problem much easier.

Normalization of the psychological background

Constant stress, anxiety, and a tense environment are badly reflected in the hormonal background of a woman. Try to get rid of negative environmental factors long before pregnancy. Don’t let yourself get nervous and move away from tense and stressful places if you’re already pregnant.

Why it happens in Pregnancy?

Discharge during pregnancy is a normal process of the vaginal microflora. The discharge will be more viscous due to the activity of progesterone in the first weeks of pregnancy. This is observed until the 12th week. Estrogen levels rise after this period. The nature of the secretions changes under its influence. They become more abundant and less viscous.

Cervical mucus is added to the usual secretions in the first weeks of pregnancy. It promotes the formation of a mucous plug. A woman’s immunity often falls during the gestation period. This increases the risk of developing harmful microflora in the vagina. The amount and nature of the secretions will change markedly. A cheesy white discharge or abundant mucous streaks will appear.

Remedies

It is impossible to completely remove the discharge from the vagina during the gestation period. You can do everything so that they do not go into the category of negative symptoms. It is necessary to follow the elementary rules for caring for the vaginal area, nutrition, and psychological state and undergo all examinations on time. The main means of helping with discharge:

Daily pads

This is a hygiene product that will become indispensable during the gestation period. Choose fragrance-free pads, made from natural materials, and are highly absorbent. It is worth changing the daily pad as often as possible, as the discharge is abundant. It is better to go to bed at night without a pad.

Warm shower without soap

Take a daily shower without the use of soaps and astringent gel formulations for intimate hygiene. It is better not to irritate the vaginal mucosa with chemical compounds, surfactants, or other cosmetic products. It is better to wash at least twice a day, focusing on the vaginal area. Be sure to pay special attention to anal hygiene. This should be done after every bowel movement if possible.

Vaginal suppositories

Vaginal suppositories are prescribed by a gynecologist when determining pathogenic microflora. A specific drug is prescribed depending on the diagnosis, which normalizes the pH level and kills harmful bacteria.

Vaginal suppositories will not harm the fetus if there are no contraindications and all risks are weighed. Most often they are prescribed at the end of the beginning of pregnancy when the risk of developing infectious diseases such as candidiasis and vaginosis is high.

WHEN TO CONTACT A DOCTOR?

You should consult a doctor if the discharge has abundant blood streaks. When they differ in a pungent odor, a strange and non-specific color (orange, brown, gray).

The reason to undergo an examination is severe pain in the lower abdomen, along with abundant mucous secretions, and a change in the consistency and volume of the discharge. The reason for medical consultation and tests should be cutting pains in the lower abdomen, itching, and swelling of the labia.

What Not to Do

No need to do anything if the discharge does not cause any suspicion. Any deviations from your usual norms should be discussed with your doctor. Do not resort to home treatment. Everything you do can harm the unborn child. What exactly should not be done with vaginal discharge:

Douching

It is not necessary to engage in vaginal sanitation unless there is a very good reason for this. Only a doctor can prescribe such a procedure.

Use a tampon

Sometimes the discharge may be spotted with blood or copious mucus. Using a tampon in this case is contraindicated and can harm.

Have unprotected sex

This can adversely affect the state of the microflora of the vagina, significantly aggravating the situation. There is a risk of infection or pathogenic microflora.

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