Violation of the outflow of blood from the veins of the lower extremities causes the development of varicose veins. This is a disease that is complicated or provoked by the state of pregnancy.
Women in position often complain of heaviness in the legs, pain, itching, burning, and swollen veins. These are typical signs of the development of varicose veins, which are difficult to treat, especially during the gestation period. The superficial veins in the legs suffer the most because they have a strong load when walking. Varicose veins are an extremely progressive disease that is best prevented in the early stages.
When Varicose Veins Start in Pregnancy?
Varicose veins begin to manifest themselves in the second trimester of pregnancy. This is due to increased pressure from the uterus on the inferior vena cava, which collects blood from the lower torso and extremities. The expansion of the veins will progress under the influence of an increase in the body weight of the pregnant woman.
The symptom can also manifest itself in the last months of pregnancy, rapidly developing after childbirth.
EXACT WEEKS IT MAY HAPPEN
A visible increase in the vessels of the lower extremities is observed by the 14th week of pregnancy. The symptom may continue to develop or be at rest. It all depends on the woman and her precautions.
Varicose veins are strongly manifested by the 33rd week of pregnancy and at the end of the gestation period. It will only be aggravated by the position of the woman if the disease was observed before conception. This will lead to the fact that varicose veins will be present throughout the pregnancy.
When will it end?
The manifestation of varicose veins may stop after the 14th week of pregnancy. It will not progress until the 33rd-36th week. The cessation of acute symptoms can occur only after childbirth. Symptoms are only aggravated by pregnancy with a complex form of varicose veins. Their end will depend on when the woman can start full treatment.
How Does it Feel?
From the beginning, only heaviness and pressure in the legs can be felt. They are twisted, it gives the impression of a rise in temperature, a slight burning sensation, and discomfort. The veins begin to show through. They become bluer, bulging, and visible. This is accompanied by the appearance of spider veins. Symptoms of varicose veins can be in acute and mild forms:
Legs hurt a lot during the day. The pain is worse in the evening and at night. A feeling of twisting, squeezing, and bursting of the limbs is created. Veins and legs swell, and sometimes there are cramps.
A mild manifestation of symptoms is felt as heaviness, a feeling of fatigue, and tension in the limbs. The veins become a little brighter than usual but do not bulge outward. A woman complains of leg fatigue when walking and standing for a long time.
Varicose veins are an optional symptom of pregnancy. It can be avoided with preventive measures.
Varicose veins are better prevented than treated. This disease is difficult to treat, especially during the gestation period. Take care of your health before pregnancy. Identify the initial stage or predisposition to circulatory disorders through examinations. Stop the disease at its early manifestations. Ways to prevent varicose veins:
Ultrasound of the legs
It is worth checking the condition of the vessels with the appearance of pain and heaviness in the legs. The doctor will immediately notice circulatory disorders, blood stasis, thinning of the walls of blood vessels, and other problems. Finding varicose veins on ultrasound, you can do medical therapy. This will reduce the risk of progression of the disease during the gestation period.
You need to take a contrast shower regularly. This strengthens the walls of blood vessels and trains them with a temperature change. Blood circulation is improved and a feeling of lightness in the body appears. A contrast shower keeps the body in good shape, improves immunity, and prevents blood stasis. This reduces the risk of varicose veins.
Practice regular walks in the fresh air. It is better to walk on the natural ground in soft and comfortable shoes. Walking eliminates problems with blood flow, strengthens the muscles of the legs, and improves lymph outflow. Such training will help reduce the factors that affect vein problems. Legs become healthier. Vessels are strong and elastic.
Why Varicose Veins Occur in Pregnancy?
The main cause of varicose veins during pregnancy is circulatory disorders due to the pressure of the uterus on the inferior vena cava. Another reason for the appearance of varicose veins is increased blood viscosity during pregnancy. Blood flows more slowly causing stagnation and slowing down the outflow.
The excessive weight of a pregnant woman provokes the appearance of varicose veins. Women gain a lot of extra pounds during the gestation period. This increases the load on the limbs and the cardiovascular system.
Many factors influence the onset of the symptom: wearing high-heeled shoes, a sedentary lifestyle, heavy lifting, poor diet, and genetic predisposition. It provokes the development of varicose veins by wearing clothes tightly pressed to the body: tight leggings, hard and narrow boots, belts.
It is worth immediately reconsidering your lifestyle with a noticeable manifestation of varicose veins, nutrition, and the mistakes made. Particular attention should be paid to moderate physical activity on the lower extremities as a means of helping with varicose veins. You can use salt baths and lotions with decoctions of herbs. It is harmless and safe to carry. Consider the most effective remedies for varicose veins:
It is worth immediately purchasing compression stockings with a strong expansion of the veins. They need to be worn regularly and must be worn during childbirth. This tool restores the outflow of blood due to the compression provided. The product is made of a special jersey of different densities.
Stockings differ in the degree of compression. Which one is right for you will be determined by the doctor. You can use tights but they must be designed for a growing belly.
The best way to relieve symptoms is to raise the legs. Do this exercise as long as your belly size allows. Lie against a wall and raise your legs at a 90° angle. Hold this position for as long as possible. Take a break if you experience severe discomfort. This method effectively and quickly ensures the outflow of blood from the lower extremities.
Changing shoes can greatly relieve varicose veins. Opt for a leather, breathable model. There should be no heels or high platforms. The shoes should be equipped with an orthopedic insole. Pay attention to whether the sole is flexible enough when choosing. It can be made of rubber or elastic rubber. Shoes should not be tight, squeezing, or synthetic.
WHEN TO CONTACT A DOCTOR?
A serious reason for visiting a doctor can be the formation of large venous nodes. These are aneurysm-like local expansions of the veins. They will strongly bulge outward and cause pain when touched. Rapid surgery may be required.
It is worth consulting a doctor if venous expansion is found not only on the lower extremities. It can progress in the vessels of the small pelvis. Then you need more careful monitoring and possibly hospitalization to maintain pregnancy.
What Not to Do
In the case of circulatory disorders in the limbs, one should not greatly overload them with physical exercises. It is worth taking care of the inadmissibility of wearing heels, weight adjustment, and sparing therapy. Do not wear tight clothing and mechanically damage protruding veins. These are elementary prohibitions that will protect your health as much as possible.
This is the worst posture that contributes to the stagnation of blood and disruption of its outflow. This habit is extremely harmful and unacceptable during pregnancy.
Go to the sauna or take a hot bath
This is bad for the condition of the vessels. They expand greatly under the influence of high temperatures. Bleeding may occur if the vessel walls are weak.
Do a massage
Any type of massage is prohibited for varicose veins: vacuum, manual, Guasha massage, and others. This can mechanically damage the vein and lead to bleeding.